Program Search

Focus in Planning (Major) - ASFOC1667A

Focus in Planning (Major) - ASFOC1667A

The Planning Focus provides students with the opportunity to learn about how planning is a key component of the dynamic relations that exist between places, policy, power, and people. It focuses in on the conscious choices and decision made by various groups to shape the spatial organization of human activities. The Planning Focus will appeal to students who wish to develop an integrative understanding of the cultural, economic, political and social forces that shape the development and redevelopment of metropolitan and rural regions. Students are encouraged to explore the breadth of our courses that engage planning questions in relation to transportation, social segregation, health and housing, economic policy, environment change, and globalization.

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Human Geography Major (ASMAJ1667) program is required.

Completion Requirements:

Core (required) Courses: 1.0 credit from GGR217H1 and JGI346H1/​ JGU346H1

Planning Electives: 1.5 credits from GGR241H1, GGR338H1, GGR339H1, GGR343H1, GGR349H1, GGR354H1, GGR359H1, GGR424H1, GGR428H1, GGR433H1, GGR434H1, GGR456H1, GGR460H1, GGR493Y1 (0.5 credit can be used based on internship)

Note: At least 1.0 credit must be 300/400-level courses.


FAS Program Area: Geography and Planning

Focus in Planning (Specialist) - ASFOC1667B

Focus in Planning (Specialist) - ASFOC1667B

The Planning Focus provides students with the opportunity to learn about how planning is a key component of the dynamic relations that exist between places, policy, power, and people. It focuses in on the conscious choices and decision made by various groups to shape the spatial organization of human activities. The Planning Focus will appeal to students who wish to develop an integrative understanding of the cultural, economic, political and social forces that shape the development and redevelopment of metropolitan and rural regions. Students are encouraged to explore the breadth of our courses that engage planning questions in relation to transportation, social segregation, health and housing, economic policy, environment change, and globalization.

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Human Geography Specialist (ASSPE1667) program is required.

Completion Requirements:

Core (required) Courses: 1.0 credit from GGR217H1 and JGI346H1/​ JGU346H1

Planning Electives: 1.5 credits from GGR241H1, GGR338H1, GGR339H1, GGR343H1, GGR349H1, GGR354H1, GGR359H1, GGR424H1, GGR428H1, GGR433H1, GGR434H1, GGR456H1, GGR460H1, GGR493Y1 (0.5 credit can be used based on internship)

Note: At least 1.0 credit must be 300/400-level courses.


FAS Program Area: Geography and Planning

Focus in Scientific Computing - ASFOC1689A

Focus in Scientific Computing - ASFOC1689A

(3.5 credits)

Scientific computing studies the world around us. Known and unknown quantities are related through certain rules, e.g. physical laws, formulating mathematical problems. These problems are solved by numerical methods implemented as algorithms and run on computers. The numerical methods are analyzed and their performance (e.g. accuracy, efficiency) studied. Problems, such as choosing the optimal shape for an airplane (to achieve, for example, minimal fuel consumption), finding the fair price for derivative products of the market, or regulating the amount of radiation in medical scans, can be modelled by mathematical expressions and solved by numerical techniques.

Students wishing to study scientific computing should have a strong background in mathematics—in particular calculus of several variables, linear algebra, and statistics—be fluent in programming, and have a good understanding of data structures and algorithm design.

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Computer Science Specialist Program (ASSPE1689).

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses:

  1. MAT235Y1/​ MAT237Y1/​ MAT257Y1,
  2. 1.5 credits from the following: CSC336H1, CSC436H1, CSC446H1, CSC456H1, CSC466H1
  3. 1.0 credit from the following: CSC317H1/​ CSC320H1/​ CSC417H1/​ CSC418H1/​ CSC419H1, CSC311H1/​ CSC411H1, CSC343H1, CSC384H1, CSC358H1/​ CSC458H1

Suggested Related Courses:

It is also recommended that students in this focus consider taking a half-course or two from the basic sciences (such as physics, chemistry, biology), as these sciences are the source of many problems solved by numerical techniques.


FAS Program Area: Computer Science

Focus in Strategy and Innovation - ASFOC2431D

Focus in Strategy and Innovation - ASFOC2431D

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Management Specialist Program (ASSPE2431).

Completion Requirements:

This Focus requires the completion of 2.5 credits.

  1. Complete 1.0 credit from the following courses: RSM393H1, RSM459H1, RSM482H1, RSM490H1, RSM493H1, RSM498Y1 (Special Topics in Management: Creative Destruction Lab)
  2. Complete 1.5 credit from remaining courses in requirement 1, or the following courses: HIS267H1, RSM340H1, RSM341H1/​ RSM470H1, RSM370H1, RSM394H1, RSM438H1, RSM439H1, RSM464H1, RSM491H1, RSM494H1, RSM495H1, RSM496H1 and any strategy, innovation and/or entrepreneurship-themed RSM special topics and RSM Summer Abroad courses as determined by the Director of Rotman Commerce.

Alternative courses may be substituted with the prior approval of the Director, Rotman Commerce. Contact the Rotman Commerce Program office for more information.


FAS Program Area: Rotman Commerce

Focus in Theory of Computation - ASFOC1689I

Focus in Theory of Computation - ASFOC1689I

(5.5 credits)


Why is it easy to sort a list of numbers, but hard to break Internet encryption schemes? Is finding a solution to a problem harder than checking that a solution is correct? Can we find good approximate solutions, even when the exact solutions seem out of reach? Theory of Computation studies the inherent complexity of fundamental algorithmic problems. On one hand, we develop ground-breaking efficient data structures and algorithms. On the other, we have yet to develop good algorithms for many problems despite decades of effort, and for these problems we strive to prove no time- or space-efficient algorithms will ever solve them. While the field has seen some successful impossibility results, there are still many problems (such as those underlying modern cryptography and security) for which we do not know either efficient algorithms or strong lower bounds!

This focus takes a rigorous, mathematical approach to computational problem-solving: students will gain a deep understanding of algorithm paradigms and measures of problem complexity, and develop the skills necessary to convey abstract ideas with precision and clarity. Many of our students go on to graduate studies and sophisticated algorithmic work in industry. This focus has natural ties with many branches of mathematics and is the foundation of many computer science fields. Consequently, our students often apply their theoretical knowledge to other fields of interest.

We strongly encourage taking the enriched theory courses ( CSC240H1, CSC265H1) as well as specialist/major versions of the MAT requirements for our focus. [Depending on courses selected for points 3 & 4, students may need to complete 0.5–1.0 credit in addition to the 12.0 credits required to complete the Specialist program.]

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Computer Science Specialist Program (ASSPE1689).

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses:

  1. MAT137Y1/​ MAT157Y1/​ MAT237Y1 (Note: If MAT237Y1 is used here, it cannot be counted as part of the 2.0 credits for point 4, below.)
  2. CSC463H1
  3. 2.0 credits from the following: CSC304H1, CSC336H1, CSC438H1, CSC448H1, CSC473H1; MAT309H1, MAT332H1, MAT344H1; at UTM: MAT302H5; graduate courses: CSC2221H1, CSC2401H1, CSC2410H1, CSC2412H1, CSC2420H1, CSC2421H1, CSC2426H1, CSC2451H1, CSC2556H1 (note that students must petition to take a graduate course)
  4. 2.0 credits from the following: APM236H1/​MIE262H1, MIE263H1, APM421H1, APM461H1, MAT224H1/​ MAT247H1, MAT237Y1/​ MAT257Y1, MAT244H1/​ MAT267H1, MAT301H1/​ MAT347Y1, MAT315H1, MAT327H1, MAT334H1/​ MAT354H1, MAT335H1, MAT337H1/​ MAT357H1, any 400-level MAT course, STA248H1/​ STA261H1, STA347H1

Notes:

  1. Students who complete an independent study project ( CSC494H1/​ CSC495H1) under the supervision of a faculty member from the Theory group may request to substitute one of CSC494H1/​ CSC495H1 for one of the courses in list 3 above. This request must be made directly to the department's Undergraduate Office.
  2. Students who complete a graduate Topics course in Theory may request to count it towards the completion of list 3 above. This request must be made directly to the department's Undergraduate Office.

Recommended Courses:

  1. Students are strongly encouraged to take the enriched theory courses: CSC240H1 and CSC265H1, rather than their regular counterparts: CSC165H1/​ CSC236H1 and CSC263H1, respectively.

FAS Program Area: Computer Science

Focus in Transnational Exchanges (Major) - ASFOC1469F

Focus in Transnational Exchanges (Major) - ASFOC1469F

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the International Relations Major is required for entry into the Focus.

Enrolment in this Focus is recommended after second year to guide choice of courses in the higher years. Please note normal course prerequisites will apply to all courses in the Focus.

Completion Requirements:

Note: depending on course selection, this Focus may require the completion of extra 0.5 credits in addition to the 7.5 credits required for the International Relations Major.

2.5 credits from the following list:
ECO365H1, ECO368H1, HIS324H1, HIS341Y1, HIS359H1, HIS415Y1, HIS439H1, HIS494H1, JHA394H1, GGR324H1/​ POL371H1, GGR344H1/​ POL372H1, POL409H1, POL456Y1, POL445H1, POL472H1, TRN409H1 (Nuclear Weapons and International Politics), TRN410H1


Notes:

  • Focus courses meet the basic IRP inclusion standard of substantially and directly addressing relations between and among countries at the state or society level.
  • Students can request substitutions from the IRP Director
  • Not all courses may be available at all times without scheduling conflicts.

FAS Program Area: Trinity College

Focus in Transnational Exchanges (Specialist) - ASFOC1469G

Focus in Transnational Exchanges (Specialist) - ASFOC1469G

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the International Relations Specialist is required for entry into this Focus.

Enrolment in this Focus is recommended after second year to guide choice of courses in the higher years. Please note normal course prerequisites will apply to all courses in the Focus.

Completion Requirements:

2.5 credits from the following list:
ECO365H1, ECO368H1, HIS324H1, HIS341Y1, HIS359H1, HIS415Y1, HIS439H1, HIS494H1, JHA394H1, GGR324H1/​ POL371H1, GGR344H1/​ POL372H1, POL409H1, POL456Y1, POL445H1, POL472H1, TRN409H1 (Nuclear Weapons and International Politics), TRN410H1


Notes:

  • Focus courses meet the basic IRP inclusion standard of substantially and directly addressing relations between and among countries at the state or society level.
  • Students can request substitutions from the IRP Director
  • Not all courses may be available at all times without scheduling conflicts.

FAS Program Area: Trinity College

Focus in Urban Geography (Major) - ASFOC1667M

Focus in Urban Geography (Major) - ASFOC1667M

The Focus in Urban Geography provides students with the opportunity to emphasize urban geography as part of their Human Geography specialist or major. Urban geography focuses on the political, social, cultural and economic processes that shape city life, development and policy. This focus will appeal to students registered in the Human Geography specialist or major program who wish to develop an integrative understanding of the dynamics that shape the urban realm. Students are encouraged to explore the breadth of our course offerings in housing, historical, political and transportation.

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Human Geography Major (ASMAJ1667) program is required.

Completion Requirements:

Required Urban Geography Courses: 1.0 credit from GGR124H1, GGR241H1, JGI216H1/​ JGU216H1

Urban Geography Electives: 1.5 credits from GGR254H1, GGR336H1, GGR339H1, GGR349H1, GGR357H1, GGR359H1, GGR374H1, GGR382H1, GGR424H1, GGR458H1, GGR460H1, GGR482H1

Note: At least 1.0 credit must be 300/400-level courses.


FAS Program Area: Geography and Planning

Focus in Urban Geography (Specialist) - ASFOC1667S

Focus in Urban Geography (Specialist) - ASFOC1667S

The Focus in Urban Geography provides students with the opportunity to emphasize urban geography as part of their Human Geography specialist or major. Urban geography focuses on the political, social, cultural and economic processes that shape city life, development and policy. This focus will appeal to students registered in the Human Geography specialist or major program who wish to develop an integrative understanding of the dynamics that shape the urban realm. Students are encouraged to explore the breadth of our course offerings in housing, historical, political and transportation.

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Human Geography Specialist (ASSPE1667) program is required.

Completion Requirements:

Required Urban Geography Courses: 1.0 credit from GGR124H1, GGR241H1, JGI216H1/​ JGU216H1

Urban Geography Electives: 1.5 credits from GGR254H1, GGR336H1, GGR339H1, GGR349H1, GGR357H1, GGR359H1, GGR374H1, GGR382H1, GGR424H1, GGR458H1, GGR460H1, GGR482H1

Note: At least 1.0 credit must be 300/400-level courses.


FAS Program Area: Geography and Planning

Focus in Web and Internet Technologies - ASFOC1689J

Focus in Web and Internet Technologies - ASFOC1689J

(3.5 credits)

The Web and Internet Technologies focus introduces students to the systems and algorithms that power today's large-scale web and Internet applications such as search engines, social networking applications, web data mining applications, and content distribution networks. The focus covers the algorithm foundations of web and internet technologies, as well as implementation and system architecture.

Students who wish to pursue the Focus in Web and Internet Technologies should have a solid understanding of statistics, be good programmers, and have a good understanding of data structures and algorithm design.

To get practical experience, students pursuing the web and Internet technologies focus are encouraged to do either a term project or a summer USRA project in web and internet technologies.

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Computer Science Specialist Program (ASSPE1689).

Completion Requirements:

Required courses:

  1. STA248H1/​ STA261H1, CSC309H1, CSC343H1, CSC358H1/​ CSC457H1, CSC458H1, CSC311H1/​ CSC411H1
  2. 0.5 credit from the following: CSC367H1, CSC443H1, CSC469H1

Suggested Related Courses:

  1. Courses offered at UTM: CSC347H5, CSC423H5, CSC427H5
  2. ECE568H1
  3. ENV281H1, ENV381H1

FAS Program Area: Computer Science

Forest Biomaterials Science Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1098

Forest Biomaterials Science Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1098

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Forest Biomaterials Science Major is being administratively suspended as of 1 October 2020 and no new students will be admitted thereafter. Students presently enrolled in the Major will be able to complete the program requirements as described below.

Completion Requirements:

The Forest Biomaterials major or minor may be strengthened by an accompanying major or minor(s) in Biology (major, minor), Biochemistry (major), Forest Conservation (major, minor) , Chemistry (major, minor), Environmental Chemistry (minor), Materials Chemistry (minor) or Environment & Science (major, minor).

Questions about the program should be submitted to programs@daniels.utoronto.ca.

(8.0 credits, including at least 2.0 credits at the 300-level and 2.0 credits at the 400-level; other equivalent and approved courses offered by other Faculties may be eligible for inclusion.)

1. BIO120H1; 1.0 credit from MSE101H1; ECO101H1, ECO102H1, ECO105Y1; CHM135H1, CHM136H1; MAT135H1
2. FOR200H1, STA220H1; 1.0 credit from CHM220H1; ENV221H1, ENV234H1; MSE219H1; BCH210H1; BCH242Y1; STA221H1; EEB225H1; MGT201H1, RSM100Y1; BIO220H1, BIO251H1
3. FOR300H1, FOR310H1; 1.0 credit from FOR302H1, FOR305H1; ENV350H1; MSE316H1; BCH370H1; GGR348H1
4. FOR401H1, FOR410H1; 1.0 credit from FOR403H1, FOR405H1, FOR420H1, FOR423H1; CHE475H1

An additional 0.5 credit can be taken from any 3rd or 4th year elective listed above.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Biomaterials Science Minor (Science Program) - ASMIN1098

Forest Biomaterials Science Minor (Science Program) - ASMIN1098

Enrolment Requirements:

Enrolment in the Forest Biomaterials Science Minor is being administratively suspended as of 1 October 2020 and no new students will be admitted thereafter. Students presently enrolled in the Minor will be able to complete the program requirements as described below.

Completion Requirements:

The Forest Biomaterials major or minor may be strengthened by an accompanying major or minor(s) in Biology (major, minor), Biochemistry (major), Forest Conservation (major, minor) , Chemistry (major, minor), Environmental Chemistry (minor), Materials Chemistry (minor) or Environment & Science (major, minor).

Questions about the program should be submitted to programs@daniels.utoronto.ca.

(4.0 credits, including at least 1.5 credits at the 300-level and 1.0 credit at the 400-level)

1. 1.5 credits from BIO120H1; MSE101H1; ECO105Y1; CHM135H1, CHM136H1, CHM220H1; FOR200H1; ENV234H1; MGT201H1
2. FOR300H1, FOR310H1; 0.5 credit from ENV350H1; MSE219H1, MSE316H1; FOR305H1, BCH370H1; GGR348H1
3. 1.0 credit from FOR401H1, FOR405H1, FOR410H1, FOR420H1, FOR423H1


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Conservation Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ1100

Forest Conservation Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ1100

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(8.0 credits, including at least 1.5 credits at the 300-level and 1.0 credit at the 400-level; other equivalent and approved courses offered by other Faculties, University of Toronto Mississauga or University of Toronto Scarborough may be eligible for inclusion.)

First Year:
BIO120H1; plus 1.5 first year Social Science credits

Second Year:
1. ENV234H1; FOR200H1, FOR201H1
2. 1.0 credit from ANT204H1; ECO220Y1, ECO227Y1; GGR270H1; INS201Y1; STA221H1; ENV221H1, ENV222H1; PHL273H1; STA220H1, STA255H1

Third Year:
FOR305H1; 1.0 credit from FOR300H1, FOR301H1, FOR302H1, FOR303H1, FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR310H1; EEB321H1

Fourth Year:
FOR400Y1

An additional 1.0 credit can be taken from any 3rd or 4th year elective listed above or under the Forest Conservation Specialist (Arts Program).


To substitute courses not currently on offer, please contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator to discuss course options from other departments.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Conservation Minor (Arts Program) - ASMIN1100

Forest Conservation Minor (Arts Program) - ASMIN1100

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(4.0 credits)

First Year: 1.0 credit from ANT100Y1; ECO101H1, ECO102H1; ENV200H1; GGR101H1, JEG100H1

Higher Years: 3.0 credits from FOR200H1, FOR201H1, FOR300H1, FOR301H1, FOR302H1, FOR303H1, FOR305H1, FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR310H1, FOR400Y1, FOR401H1


To substitute courses not currently on offer, please contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator to discuss course options from other departments.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Conservation Science Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1102

Forest Conservation Science Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1102

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(8.0 credits, including at least 2.0 credits at the 300-level and 1.0 credit at the 400-level; other equivalent and approved courses offered by other Faculties, University of Toronto Mississauga or University of Toronto Scarborough may be eligible for inclusion.)

First Year:
BIO120H1; plus 2.5 first year Science credits ( JEG100H1, GGR101H1, CHM135H1, CHM136H1 recommended)

Second Year:
FOR200H1, FOR201H1; 1.0 credit from ENV234H1, ENV237H1, ENV238H1, GGR201H1, GGR203H1, GGR205H1, GGR206H1, GGR223H1, GGR272H1, GGR273H1, BIO220H1

Third Year:
FOR305H1; 1.5 credits from FOR300H1, FOR301H1, FOR302H1, FOR303H1, FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR310H1, EEB321H1

Fourth Year:
FOR400Y1


To substitute courses not currently on offer, please contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator to discuss course options from other departments.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Conservation Science Minor (Science Program) - ASMIN1102

Forest Conservation Science Minor (Science Program) - ASMIN1102

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(4.0 credits, including at least 1.0 credit at the 300-level and 1.0 credit at the 400-level)

First Year: 1.0 credit from BIO120H1; GGR101H1; CHM135H1, CHM136H1

Second Year: FOR200H1, FOR201H1

Third Year: 1.0 credit from FOR300H1, FOR301H1, FOR302H1, FOR303H1, FOR305H1, FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR310H1

Fourth Year: FOR400Y1


To substitute courses not currently on offer, please contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator to discuss course options from other departments.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Conservation Science Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1102

Forest Conservation Science Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1102

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(12.0 credits, including at least 3.5 credits at the 300-level and 2.0 credits at the 400-level; other equivalent and approved courses offered by other Faculties, University of Toronto Mississauga or University of Toronto Scarborough may be eligible for inclusion.)

First Year:
BIO120H1; plus 2.5 first year Science credits ( GGR101H1; CHM135H1, CHM136H1 recommended)

Second Year:
1. FOR200H1, FOR201H1
2. 1.0 credit from ECO220Y1, ECO227Y1; GGR270H1, GGR271H1; STA220H1, STA221H1
3. 1.5 credits from BIO220H1, BIO251H1, BIO260H1; GGR201H1, GGR203H1, GGR205H1, GGR206H1, GGR223H1, GGR272H1, GGR273H1; PHL273H1; ENV221H1, ENV222H1; ENV234H1, ENV237H1, ENV238H1

Third Year:
1. FOR301H1, FOR305H1; 1.0 credit from FOR300H1, FOR302H1, FOR303H1, FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR310H1; ENV334H1
2. 0.5 credit from EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB323H1, EEB328H1; CSB340H1
3. 1.0 credit from EEB324H1, EEB365H1, EEB386H1, EEB388H1; GGR305H1, GGR314H1; ENV320H1, ENV322H1, ENV323H1

Fourth Year:
1. FOR400Y1, FOR401H1
2. 0.5 credit from FOR403H1, FOR405H1, FOR410H1, FOR413H1, FOR416H1, FOR417H1, FOR418H1, FOR419H1, FOR420H1, FOR423H1; ENV347H1; EEB403H1, EEB406H1, EEB407H1


To substitute courses not currently on offer, please contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator to discuss course options from other departments.

Note: If the FOR301H1 is not on offer, a student may use a substitute field or research course from another department. Contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator for details and confirmation.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

Forest Conservation Specialist (Arts Program) - ASSPE1100

Forest Conservation Specialist (Arts Program) - ASSPE1100

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(12.0 credits, including at least 3.0 credits at the 300-level and 2.5 credits at the 400-level; other equivalent and approved courses offered by other Faculties, University of Toronto Mississauga or University of Toronto Scarborough may be eligible for inclusion.)

First Year:
BIO120H1; plus 1.5 first year Social Science credits

Second Year:
1. ENV234H1; FOR200H1, FOR201H1
2. 1.0 credit from ECO220Y1, ECO227Y1; GGR270H1; STA220H1, STA221H1, STA255H1
3. 1.0 credit from ANT204H1; ENV221H1, ENV222H1; GGR223H1; INS201Y1; PHL273H1

Third Year:
1. FOR301H1, FOR305H1; At least 1.0 credit from FOR300H1, FOR302H1, FOR303H1, FOR306H1, FOR307H1, FOR310H1; EEB321H1
2. At least 1.0 credit from JGE321H1, JGE331H1; ENV320H1, ENV323H1, ENV347H1, JIG322H1

Fourth Year:
1. FOR400Y1, FOR401H1
2. 1.0 credit from ANT450H1; FOR403H1, FOR416H1, FOR417H1, FOR418H1; ENV421H1, ENV422H1, ENV440H1; GGR416H1

An additional 1.0 credit can be taken from any 3rd or 4th year elective listed above.


To substitute courses not currently on offer, please contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator to discuss course options from other departments.

Note: If the FOR301H1 is not on offer, a student may use a substitute field or research course from another department. Contact the Forestry Undergraduate Administrator for details and confirmation.


FAS Program Area: Forest Conservation and Forest Biomaterials Science

French Language and French Linguistics Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ0525

French Language and French Linguistics Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ0525

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(7.0 credits)

1) FSL221Y1(63%).

2) FRE272H1, FRE273H1, FRE274H1, FRE210H1/​ FRE245H1, FSL321Y1.

3) FRE376H1, FRE378H1, FRE383H1, FRE379H1/​ JFG388H1.

4) 1.0 credit from 400-level French linguistics courses: FRE486H1, FRE487H1, FRE488H1, FRE489H1, FRE490Y1, FRE491H1, FRE492H1.

N.B.

i) Students not placed in FSL221Y1 or higher by the Placement test must first complete FSL121Y1 before starting this program. Students exempted from this course must replace it with FSL271H1 and any FSL or FRE half-course. FSL271H1 must be completed before enrolling in any higher-level FSL course.

ii) Students exempted from FSL321Y1 may replace it with any FRE course.



FAS Program Area: French

French Language and French Linguistics Specialist (Arts Program) - ASSPE0525

French Language and French Linguistics Specialist (Arts Program) - ASSPE0525

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(10.0 credits)

1) FSL221Y1(63%)

2) FRE272H1, FRE273H1, FRE274H1, FRE210H1, FRE245H1, FSL321Y1

3) FRE376H1, FRE378H1, FRE386H1, FRE387H1, FRE383H1, FRE379H1, JFG388H1

4) 2.0 credits from 400-level French linguistics courses: FRE486H1, FRE487H1, FRE488H1, FRE489H1, FRE490Y1, FRE491H1, FRE492H1.

N.B.

i) Students not placed in FSL221Y1 or higher by the Placement test must first complete FSL121Y1 before starting this program. Students exempted from FSL221Y1 must replace it with FSL271H1 and any FSL or FRE half-course. FSL271H1 must be completed before enrolling in any higher-level FSL course.

ii) Students exempted from FSL321Y1 may replace it with any FRE course.



FAS Program Area: French

French Language and Literature Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ1295

French Language and Literature Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ1295

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(7.0 credits)

1) FSL221Y1(63%).

2) FRE210H1, FRE245H1, FRE246H1, FRE272H1, FSL321Y1.

3) One 0.5 credit from each of the following three groups as well as one 0.5 credit of the student’s choice from any group (2.0 credits in total):

Group 1 –Literary History: FRE318H1/​ FRE319H1/​ FRE320H1/​ FRE324H1/​ FRE326H1

Group 2 –Genres and Gender: FRE304H1/​ FRE310H1/​ FRE345H1

Group 3 –Quebec and Francophone Literatures: FRE314H1/​ FRE332H1/​ FRE334H1/​ FRE336H1/​ SLA263H1

4) 1.0 credit from the following 400-level FRE literature courses: FRE410H1/​ FRE438H1/​ FRE441H1/​ FRE443H1/​ FRE446H1


N.B.

i) Students not placed in FSL221Y1 or higher by the Placement test must first complete FSL121Y1 before starting this program. Students exempted from FSL221Y1 may replace it with any FRE 200+ or 300+ level course.

ii) Students exempted from FSL321Y1 may replace it with 1.0 FRE credit at the 300+ level.


FAS Program Area: French

French Language and Literature Specialist (Arts Program) - ASSPE1295

French Language and Literature Specialist (Arts Program) - ASSPE1295

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(10.0 credits):

1) FSL221Y1(63%)

2) FRE210H1, FRE245H1, FRE246H1, FRE272H1, FRE273H1, FSL321Y1

3) 1.0 credit from each of the following three groups (3.0 credits in total):

Group 1 –Literary History: FRE318H1/​ FRE319H1/​ FRE320H1/​ FRE324H1/​ FRE326H1

Group 2 –Genres and Gender: FRE304H1/​ FRE310H1/​ FRE345H1

Group 3 –Quebec and Francophone Literatures: FRE314H1/​ FRE332H1/​ FRE334H1/​ FRE336H1/​ SLA263H1

4) FSL442H1, FSL443H1

5) 1.5 credits from the following 400-level FRE literature courses: FRE410H1/​ FRE438H1/​ FRE441H1/​ FRE443H1/​ FRE446H1

N.B.

i) Students not placed in FSL221Y1 or higher by the Placement test must first complete FSL121Y1 before starting this program. Students exempted from FSL221Y1 may replace it with any FRE 200+ or FRE 300+ level course.

ii) Students exempted from FSL321Y1 may replace it with 1.0 FRE credit at the 300+ level



FAS Program Area: French

French Language Learning Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ0120

French Language Learning Major (Arts Program) - ASMAJ0120

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(7.0 credits, including 1.5 FRE credits at the 300+ level)

1) FSL221Y1(63%)

2) FRE226H1/​ FSL226H1, FRE272H1, FRE273H1, FSL321Y1

3) FRE383H1, FRE379H1, JFG388H1, FSL421Y1

4) FSL442H1, FSL443H1


N.B.

i) Students not placed in FSL221Y1 or higher by the Placement test must first complete FSL121Y1 before starting this program. Students exempted from FSL221Y1 must replace it with FSL271H1 and any FSL or FRE 0.5 credit course. FSL271H1 must be completed before enrolling in any higher-level FSL course.

ii) Students exempted from FSL321Y1 must replace it with 1.0 credit from the following FRE courses: FRE210H1, FRE245H1, FRE246H1, FRE274H1.



FAS Program Area: French

French Studies Minor (Arts Program) - ASMIN1135

French Studies Minor (Arts Program) - ASMIN1135

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(4.0 credits)

1) FSL221Y1

2) 3.0 FRE credits at the 200+ level including 1.0 credit at the 300/400-level

N.B. Students not placed in FSL221Y1 or higher by the Placement test must first complete FSL121Y1 before starting this program. Students exempted from FSL221Y1 must replace it with FSL271H1 and any FRE half-course.


FAS Program Area: French

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1050

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1050

HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

The objective of the HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications specialist and major programs are to provide students with a solid foundation in the biological sciences with a focus on genetics and its applications in medicine, environment and biotechnology.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (8.0 credits, including a 0.5 credit at the 400-level)

To help students proceed through the program, it is recommended that first year life science requirements are completed before entering the program.


Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

1. ( CHM135H1 and CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course

2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1/​ CSC120H1/​ CSC148H1
3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1

Courses in Fundamental Genetics

7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. HMB321H1

9. 0.5 credit from: HMB360H1/​ HMB421H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB474H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH425H1/​ BCH426H1/​ BCH440H1/​ BCH445H1/​ BCH448H1/​ CSB328H1/​ CSB331H1/​ CSB340H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ CSB353H1/​ CSB428H1/​ CSB429H1/​ EEB318H1/​ EEB323H1/​ EEB365H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY315H1/​ MGY340H1/​ MGY428H1/​ MGY470H1/​ PSL350H1

Courses in Applied Genetics

10. HMB201H1
11. HMB301H1/​ HMB360H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ PSL350H1

12. 0.5 credit from: HMB301H1/​ HMB401H1/​ HMB431H1/​ HMB436H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB489H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH340H1/​ BCH350H1/​ BCH441H1/​ BCH447H1/​ CSB352H1/​ CSB458H1/​ CSB459H1/​ CSB472H1/​ CSB473H1/​ CSB474H1/​ EEB325H1/​ EEB459H1/​ EEB460H1/​ NFS487H1/​ PHL384H1/​ PSL350H1/​ PSL404H1/​ PSY390H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

13. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1

14. 0.5 credit from: HMB311H1/​ HMB314H1/​ MGY315H1/​ HMB342H1/​ HMB360H1/​ HMB490Y1/​ HMB496Y1*/ HST373H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology if the course is not counting toward a different program.

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Major Notes:

1. Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program.
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Fundamental Genetics and its Applications majors. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
3. The Fundamental Genetics and its Applications major cannot be paired with any other Human Biology Program managed major program.


Course Group

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Centric Courses

HMB201H1, HMB301H1, HMB311H1, HMB321H1, EHJ352H1, HMB360H1, HMB401H1, HMB421H1, HMB431H1, HMB435H1, HMB441H1


FAS Program Area: Human Biology

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1050

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1050

HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

The objective of the HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications specialist and major programs are to provide students with a solid foundation in the biological sciences with a focus on genetics and its applications in medicine, environment and biotechnology.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Note there are different options depending on whether a student has completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits, or 9.0 or more credits.

For students who have completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in BIO130H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

For students who have completed 9.0 or more credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
Minimum grades are needed for entry, and these minimums change each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in either BIO220H1 or ( BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1) will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining the minimum final grades does not guarantee admission to the program.

Students applying for admissions to the program utilizing transfer credits will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Students entering from CEGEP or from another university should contact hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca after their transfer credit assessment has been complete for program enrolment assessment. Please consult the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for more information on program enrolment.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (12.0 credits, including at least 1.0 credit at the 400 level)

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

1. ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course

2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1/​ CSC120H1/​ CSC148H1
3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1

Courses in Fundamental Genetics

7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. HMB321H1

9. 1.5 credits from: HMB360H1/​ HMB421H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB474H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH350H1/​ BCH425H1/​ BCH426H1/​ BCH440H1/​ BCH445H1/​ BCH448H1/​ CSB328H1/​ CSB331H1/​ CSB340H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ CSB353H1/​ CSB428H1/​ CSB429H1/​ EEB318H1/​ EEB323H1/​ EEB365H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY315H1/​ MGY340H1/​ MGY428H1/​ MGY470H1/​ PSL350H1

Courses in Applied Genetics

10. HMB201H1
11. HMB301H1/​ HMB360H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ PSL350H1

12. 1.5 credits from: HMB301H1/​ HMB401H1/​ HMB431H1/​ HMB436H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB489H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH340H1/​ BCH441H1/​ BCH447H1/​ CSB352H1/​ CSB458H1/​ CSB459H1/​ CSB472H1/​ CSB473H1/​ CSB474H1/​ EEB325H1/​ EEB459H1/​ EEB460H1/​ NFS487H1/​ PHL384H1/​ PSL350H1/​ PSL404H1/​ PSY390H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

13. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
14. 0.5 credit from bioethics: HMB306H1/​ HMB406H1/​ PHL281H1
15. 0.5 credit from upper-year lab course: HMB311H1/​ HMB314H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY315H1
16. 0.5 credit from: HMB342H1/​ HMB360H1/​ HST373H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1
17. 1.0 credit from project course: HMB490Y1/​ HMB496Y1*

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology if the course is not counting toward a different program.

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Specialists Notes:
1.
Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program .
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Fundamental Genetics and its Applications specialists. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.


Course Group

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Centric Courses

HMB201H1, HMB301H1, HMB311H1, HMB321H1, EHJ352H1, HMB360H1, HMB401H1, HMB421H1, HMB431H1, HMB435H1, HMB441H1


FAS Program Area: Human Biology

Genome Biology Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ2655

Genome Biology Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ2655

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

This program is a joint program of the departments of Cell & Systems Biology, Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, and Molecular Genetics. It is administered through the Department of Cell & Systems Biology.

(8.0 credits)

First year: BIO120H1, BIO130H1; ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1; ( MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/ MAT137Y1/​ MAT157Y1

Higher years:
1. BIO220H1, BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1; BIO260H1/​ HMB265H1; EEB225H1/​ STA220H1
2. Genomics fundamentals: BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ MGY311Y1, CSB352H1; EEB323H1
3. 0.5 credit laboratory course from: CSB472H1, CSB474H1; EEB460H1
4. 1.0 credit genomics elective from: CSB330H1, CSB350H1, CSB397Y0, CSB427H1, CSB435H1, CSB450H1, CSB457H1, CSB458H1, CSB471H1, CSB473H1, CSB490H1, CSB491H1, CSB497H1/​ CSB498Y1/​ CSB499Y1; EEB362H1, EEB455H1, EEB459H1, EEB462H1, EEB397Y1/​ EEB497H1/​ EEB498Y1/​ EEB499Y1; EHJ352H1; MGY350H1, MGY360H1, MGY428H1, MGY470H1, MGY480Y1

NOTE: Students taking CSB397Y0, CSB490H1, CSB491H1, CSB497H1/​ CSB498Y1/​ CSB499Y1, EEB397Y1/​ EEB497H1/​ EEB498Y1/​ EEB499Y1 or MGY480Y1 are encouraged to conduct a genomics-related research project.


FAS Program Area: Biology, Cell and Systems Biology

Geographic Information Systems Minor (Arts Program) - ASMIN0305

Geographic Information Systems Minor (Arts Program) - ASMIN0305

The GIS program covers the on theoretical, technical and applied foundations for geographic information systems. Students learn methods for spatial data production, analysis and presentation using computer cartography, spatial analysis, remote sensing, and geovisualization. Problem solving and project design are emphasized in upper level courses, as students apply techniques to answer specific geographic questions. The GIS program is structured to provide a stand-alone minor for students in Geography and other disciplines seeking complementary skills in spatial analysis (e.g., field biology, archaeology).

Note: Students combining this program with a Specialist/Major sponsored by the Department of Geography will normally be allowed to count only 1.5 (of the 4.0) credits towards both programs.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(4.0 credits)

First Year Geography Courses: Any 2 courses (1.0 credit) from JEG100H1, GGR101H1, GGR107H1, GGR112H1, GGR124H1, GGR196H1, GGR197H1, GGR198H1, GGR199H1. 200/300-level GGR courses may also be used to meet this requirement. Contact the Undergraduate Administrator to update your program.

Methods & Core Courses: All (2.0 credits) of GGR270H1, GGR272H1, GGR273H1, GGR373H1

Applications: Any 2 courses (1.0 credit) from GGR225H1, GGR274H1, GGR337H1, GGR372H1, GGR386H1, GGR413H1, GGR414H1, GGR462H1, GGR472H1, GGR491Y1, GGR492H1, GGR493Y1 (0.5 credit can be used based on internship), GGR497H1, GGR498H1, GGR499H1

Note: At least 1.0 credit must be 300/400-level courses


FAS Program Area: Environment (School of the), Geography and Planning

Geology Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE0509

Geology Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE0509

This program gives the deepest level of education within the field of geology, preparing students for a career in the energy and mineral resources sector or as a government-employed geologist. The program meets the requirements for gaining membership in the Association of Professional Geoscientist of Ontario (APGO) and similar organizations in other Canadian provinces and territories. The Geology Specialist Program focusses on core geology subjects, such as mineralogy and petrology, sedimentology, structural geology, mineral resources and geologic field mapping . Students are advised to be aware of course prerequisites, check clusters of courses listed for the Geology Specialist program, and consult the Earth Sciences Undergraduate Handbook for logical course progressions. For further questions, please consult with the Student Affairs Coordinator (Scott Moore, Department of Earth Sciences, 22 Russell St. Earth Sciences Center, Room 1062 email: ugrad@es.utoronto.ca


Keywords: Geology, Petrology, Energy and Mineral Resources

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

(14.0 credits)


Compulsory Foundation Sciences (1.5 credits):

CHM135H1, MAT135H1, PHY131H1


Additional Foundation Sciences (3.0 credits):

Any 3.0 credits from the following, with no more than 1.0 credit from the same category:

Compulsory Foundation Geosciences (3.5 credits):

Additional Foundation Geosciences (2.5 credits):

At least 0.5 credit, but no more than 1.0 credit from each subgroup:

Other Geosciences (3.5 credits):

A minimum of 3.5 credits from the following list that have not been used to fulfill the above requirements. At least 1.0 credit needs to be at the 400 level, and no more than 1.5 credits from the 200 level.


Notes:

  1. Advanced courses, like CHM151Y1, PHY151H1, MAT137Y1 or MAT157Y1, can be used as credits for both foundation sciences sections, meaning, half of the credit will count for Compulsory Foundation Sciences, and the other half will count for Additional Foundation Sciences.

  2. You may choose more than 2.5 credits from the Additional Foundation Geosciences list. In that case, the additional courses will count towards the Other Geosciences.

  3. You need a minimum of 4.0 credits of 300/400-level courses

  4. Students are advised to check the prerequisites of the upper-year courses when deciding on their 2nd and 3rd-year-course selection.

  5. Students who do not wish to attain APGO certification are advised to speak to the Associate Chair, Undergraduate Affairs concerning their course selection.

Recommended Course Combinations:

Students interested in Mineral Exploration:

First Year: BIO120H1, CHM135H1, CHM136H1, MAT135H1, MAT136H1, PHY131H1, PHY132H1

Second year: ESS223H1, ESS224H1 or ESS221H1 and ESS222H1, ESS234H1, ESS241H1, ESS245H1/​ ESS345H1, ESS262H1, STA220H1

Third Year: ESS331H1, ESS321H1, ESS322H1, ESS323H1, JGA305H1, ESS311H1, ESS324H1

Fourth Year: ESS423H1, ESS431H1, ESS441H1, ESS461H1, ESS490H1, ESS491H1, ESS492Y1


Students with an interest in GIS:

First Year: CHM135H1, CHM136H1, MAT135H1, PHY131H1, PHY132H1, CSC108H1

Second year: STA220H1, ESS223H1, ESS224H1, ESS234H1, ESS241H1, ESS262H1, GGR272H1, GGR273H1, MAT221H1

Third Year: ESS311H1, ESS312H1, ESS321H1, ESS322H1, ESS331H1, JGA305H1, GGR337H1, ESS323H1, ESS324H1

Fourth Year: ESS431H1, ESS490H1, ESS491H1, ESS492Y1


FAS Program Area: Earth Sciences

Geophysics Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1650

Geophysics Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1650

The Geophysics specialist program allows students to model physical processes in and on Earth and other planets and to apply non­invasive methods of imaging the subsurface, often in 4D (i.e., space and time); targets may range from archaeological investigations to groundwater imaging and mineral exploration, but also include modeling of mountain-­building processes and the exploration of planetary surfaces instead. Students are advised to be aware of course prerequisites, and consult the Earth Sciences Undergraduate Handbook. For further questions, please consult with the Student Affairs Coordinator (Scott Moore, Department of Earth Sciences, 22 Russell St. Earth Sciences Center, Room 1062 email: ugrad@es.utoronto.ca).

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

Consult Departments of Earth Sciences and Physics

(13.5 to 14.0 credits with at least 1.0 credit at the 400-level)

9.0 credits of core courses:

100-level: PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1, PHY132H1/​ PHY152H1; ( MAT135H1, MAT136H1)/ MAT137Y1

200-level: PHY250H1, PHY254H1; MAT235Y1/​ MAT237Y1; ESS224H1, ESS241H1

300-level: JPE395H1; JGA305H1

400-level: PHY408H1, JPE493H1, ESS452H1; ESS441H1, ESS445H1, ESS450H1

0.5 to 1.0 credit ethics course chosen from the following list: JPH441H1, ENV333H1, IMC200H1, PHL273H1, PHL275H1, INS201Y1

4.0 to 4.5 additional credits chosen from Groups A, B, and/or C:

Group A -- courses required and relevant for professional registration (APGO):
CHM135H1; ESS245H1/​ ESS345H1/​ CSC108H1; STA220H1/​ GGR270H1; MAT223H1, MAT244H1; APM346H1; ESS331H1

Group B -- emphasis on physics (suitable for graduate school preparation in a physics program):
PHY252H1, PHY350H1, PHY354H1, PHY392H1, PHY454H1, PHY495H1

Group C -- other relevant courses:
PHY224H1, MAT224H1, MAT335H1, APM346H1, ESS211H1, ESS311H1, ESS312H1, ESS321H1, ESS322H1, ESS323H1, ESS324H1, ESS431H1, ESS234H1/​ ESS330H1, ESS410H1, ESS490H1, ESS491H1/​ ESS492Y1, ESS381H1, ESS391H1, ESS392Y1, ESS481H1


FAS Program Area: Earth Sciences