Human Biology


Faculty List

Professor, Teaching Stream and Director
M. Neumann, MSc, PhD 

Associate Professor, Teaching Stream and Associate Director
R. Wilson, MSc, PhD

Professor, Teaching Stream 
W. Ju, MSc, PhD

Associate Professors, Teaching Stream 
A. Dias, MSc, PhD
C. Dockstader, PhD
M. Papaconstantinou, PhD 
F. Taverna, PhD 

Assistant Professors, Teaching Stream 
A. Cortinois, MPh, PhD
L. De Souza-Kenney, MSc, PhD
G. Dong MMath, PhD
M. Jeffrey, PhD
N. Levy-Strumpf, PhD

Introduction

The Human Biology Program is an undergraduate collaborative program between the Faculty of Arts and Science and the Faculty of Medicine. Our programs examine the biology of our species through interdisciplinary lenses by integrating topics from the biological and medical sciences, social sciences, and the humanities. The overall structure of the collaborative program is designed to expose students to the transdisciplinary field of human biology with opportunities to specialize in selected areas of inquiry in the field.

A central objective to the Human Biology Program (HMB) is to facilitate the development of core competencies in our students: critical and creative thinking, self-directed learning, quantitative and analytical reasoning, and effective communication and research. HMB aims to prepare students for future careers where an interdisciplinary education in biological and health sciences would be an asset. HMB offers diverse experiential learning opportunities for students which includes a faculty that is at the cutting-edge of teaching innovation, strong academic relationships with other department and faculties at the University, service learning with organizations in Toronto, and undergraduate research in laboratories on campus and affiliated hospital research institutes.

After first year life science courses, undergraduate students may enter the Human Biology program in their selected HMB program: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications, Global Health, Health and Disease, Human Biology, and Neuroscience. HMB students start by taking foundational courses to provide background on their subject area and introduce students to topics integral to the study of human biology. Students then progress to more specialized topics and have more detailed instruction but are also encouraged to participate in self-directed and group learning. In their final year, HMB students are further engaged to practice critical analysis by taking one of our specialized seminar courses in their program, which focuses on expanding the depth of knowledge the student has acquired while studying human biology at the University of Toronto.

Contact Information: 
Human Biology Program Office
Wetmore Hall, Room 105
300 Huron Street

hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca
416-946-7609
https://hmb.utoronto.ca/

 

Regarding Human Biology Programs

The Human Biology Program offers five areas of study, all of which offer a major program, and four of which offer a specialist program.

Students are allowed to switch between Human Biology major programs, but should first obtain written permission from the Program Office to determine which of their completed courses will transfer to their new Human Biology major program. Students seeking advice on which HMB major to choose or advice for program completion pathways should view the HMB Program Pathway Tools webpage.

Note: Students are not permitted to be enrolled in more than one Human Biology major program.

Human Biology Programs

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1050

HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

The objective of the HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications specialist and major programs are to provide students with a solid foundation in the biological sciences with a focus on genetics and its applications in medicine, environment and biotechnology.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Note there are different options depending on whether a student has completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits, or 9.0 or more credits.

For students who have completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in BIO130H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

For students who have completed 9.0 or more credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
Minimum grades are needed for entry, and these minimums change each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in either BIO220H1 or ( BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1) will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining the minimum final grades does not guarantee admission to the program.

Students applying for admissions to the program utilizing transfer credits will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Students entering from CEGEP or from another university should contact hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca after their transfer credit assessment has been complete for program enrolment assessment. Please consult the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for more information on program enrolment.

Students in this program have the option to request enrolment in the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream. Students can apply for the ASIP stream after Year 1 (Year 2 entry) or after Year 2 (Year 3 entry, starting Fall 2025). Full details about ASIP, including student eligibility, selection and enrolment, are available in the ASIP section of the Arts & Science Academic Calendar. Please note that the majority of students enter ASIP in Fall term of Year 2. Space is more limited for Year 3 entry and there are program-specific year 3 entry enrolment requirements. Students applying for Year 3 entry must have been admitted to the Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Specialist program in the Summer after Year 2 and have completed BIO230H1, HMB265H1 and HMB201H1 prior to ASIP entry.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (12.0 credits, including at least 1.0 credit at the 400 level)

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

1. ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course

2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1/​ CSC108H1/​ CSC110Y1/​ CSC148H1
3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1

Courses in Fundamental Genetics

7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. HMB321H1

9. 1.5 credits from: HMB360H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB421H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB474H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH350H1/​ BCH425H1/​ BCH426H1/​ BCH440H1/​ BCH445H1/​ BCH448H1/​ CSB328H1/​ CSB331H1/​ CSB340H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ CSB353H1/​ CSB428H1/​ CSB429H1/​ EEB318H1/​ EEB323H1/​ EEB365H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY315H1/​ MGY340H1/​ MGY428H1/​ MGY441H1/​ MGY470H1/​ PSL350H1

Courses in Applied Genetics

10. HMB201H1
11. HMB301H1/​ HMB360H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ PSL350H1

12. 1.5 credits from: HMB301H1/​ HMB401H1/​ HMB431H1/​ HMB436H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB489H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH340H1/​ BCH441H1/​ BCH447H1/​ CSB352H1/​ CSB458H1/​ CSB459H1/​ CSB472H1/​ CSB473H1/​ CSB474H1/​ EEB325H1/​ EEB459H1/​ EEB460H1/​ NFS487H1/​ PHL384H1/​ PSL350H1/​ PSL404H1/​ PSY390H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

13. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
14. 0.5 credit from bioethics: HMB306H1/​ HMB406H1/​ PHL281H1
15. 0.5 credit from upper-year lab course: HMB311H1/​ HMB314H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY315H1
16. 0.5 credit from: HMB342H1/​ HMB360H1/​ HST373H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1
17. 1.0 credit from project course: HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Specialists Notes:
1.
Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program .
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Fundamental Genetics and its Applications specialists. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.

Course Group

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Centric Courses

HMB201H1, HMB301H1, HMB311H1, HMB321H1, EHJ352H1, HMB360H1, HMB401H1, HMB421H1, HMB431H1, HMB435H1, HMB441H1

Students in this program have the option to complete the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream.

Global Health Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE2575

HMB: Global Health

The objective of the HMB: Global Health program is to provide students with instruction in fundamental biological sciences and to integrate a broad understanding of the socio-economic and cultural determinants of health to populations around the world.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Note there are different options depending on whether a student has completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits, or 9.0 or more credits.

For students who have completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in BIO130H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

For students who have completed 9.0 or more credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

Students applying for admissions to the program utilizing transfer credits will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Students entering from CEGEP or from another university should contact hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca after their transfer credit assessment has been complete for program enrolment assessment. Please consult the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for more information on program enrolment.

Students in this program have the option to request enrolment in the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream. Students can apply for the ASIP stream after Year 1 (Year 2 entry) or after Year 2 (Year 3 entry, starting Fall 2025). Full details about ASIP, including student eligibility, selection and enrolment, are available in the ASIP section of the Arts & Science Academic Calendar. Please note that the majority of students enter ASIP in Fall term of Year 2. Space is more limited for Year 3 entry and there are program-specific year 3 entry enrolment requirements. Students applying for Year 3 entry must have been admitted to the Global Health Specialist program in the Summer after Year 2 and have completed BIO230H1, HMB265H1 and HMB203H1 prior to ASIP entry.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (13.5 credits, including at least 1.0 credit at the 400-level)

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
    Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course.
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1
  3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1
7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. PSL300H1, PSL301H1
9. 1.0 credit from HMB302H1/​ ANA300Y1/​ ANA301H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ IMM340H1/​ IMM350H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ PSL350H1

Global Health Concentration Courses

10. HMB203H1
11. HMB323H1

12. 0.5 credit from: PHS100H1/​ GGR112H1/​ PSY100H1/​ INS201Y1/​ ANT100Y1/​ ANT205H1/​ ANT208H1/​ ECO101H1/​ ECO105Y1/​ SOC100H1/​ SOC150H1 Transfer credits from AP and IB psychology are not accepted.

13. 0.5 credit from Epidemiology Courses: HMB342H1/​ HST373H1

14. 2.0 credits from courses on the biological dimensions of Global Health: HAJ453H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB433H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB443H1/​ HMB453H1/​ HMB462H1/​ HMB473H1/​ HMB474H1/​ HMB496Y1*/ JEH455H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ EEB325H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ MGY350H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ MIJ485H1

15. 1.0 credit from courses on the social and ecological dimensions of Global Health: HMB303H1/​ HMB306H1/​ ANT345H1/​ ANT348H1/​ ANT358H1/​ ANT458H1/​ ANT460H1/​ ECO314H1/​ ECO324H1/​ ECO333H1/​ ECO334H1/​ ECO342H1/​ ECO369H1/​ ECO402H1/​ EEB428H1/​ ENV341H1/​ ENV430H1/​ ENV432H1/​ GGR433H1/​ GGR434H1/​ HST405H1/​ HST410H1/​ HST440H1/​ HST464H1/​ INS240Y1/​ INS250H1/​ INS350H1/​ INS355H1/​ JNH350H1/​ NEW352H1/​ AFR352H1/​ NEW353H1/​ AFR353H1/​ NEW453H1/​ AFR453H1/​ NFS490H1/​ PHS300H1/​ PSY320H1/​ PSY321H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

16. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
17. 0.5 credit in bioethics: HMB306H1/​ HMB406H1/​ PHL281H1
18. 1.0 credit from: HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Global Health Specialists Notes:

  1. Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program
  2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Global Health specialists. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
  3. Effective Fall 2021, courses associated with New College's African Studies program will have the new "AFR" designator.

Course Group

Global Health Centric Courses

HMB203H1, HMB303H1, HMB323H1, HMB342H1, JNH350H1, HMB433H1, HMB434H1, HMB443H1, HAJ453H1/​ HMB453H1, JEH455H1, HMB462H1

Students in this program have the option to complete the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream.

Health & Disease Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE2013

HMB: Health & Disease
The objective of the HMB: Health & Disease program is to provide students with a solid foundation in the biological sciences as it relates to basic human physiology and the mechanisms of disease and to facilitate the integration of concepts from across the life sciences, social sciences and humanities. In addition, students will acquire skills in laboratory science, experience with quantitative approaches, and develop effective communication skills to provide an appropriate background essential to research and problem solving in this field.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Note there are different options depending on whether a student has completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits, or 9.0 or more credits.

For students who have completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in BIO130H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

For students who have completed 9.0 or more credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 65% in BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

Students applying for admissions to the program utilizing transfer credits will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Students entering from CEGEP or from another university should contact hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca after their transfer credit assessment has been complete for program enrolment assessment. Please consult the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for more information on program enrolment.

Students in this program have the option to request enrolment in the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream. Students can apply for the ASIP stream after Year 1 (Year 2 entry) or after Year 2 (Year 3 entry, starting Fall 2025). Full details about ASIP, including student eligibility, selection and enrolment, are available in the ASIP section of the Arts & Science Academic Calendar. Please note that the majority of students enter ASIP in Fall term of Year 2. Space is more limited for Year 3 entry and there are program-specific year 3 entry enrolment requirements. Students applying for Year 3 entry must have been admitted to the Health & Disease Specialist program in the Summer after Year 2 and have completed BIO230H1, HMB265H1 and HMB202H1 prior to ASIP entry.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (13.0 credits, including at least 1.0 credit at the 400-level)

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
    Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1
  3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1
7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. PSL300H1, PSL301H1
9. 1.0 credit from depth courses on the molecular biology of cells and tissues: CSB327H1/​ CSB328H1/​ CSB331H1, BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ PSL350H1

Health & Disease Concentration Courses

10. HMB202H1
11. HMB302H1
12. HMB322H1
13. 2.0 credits from: HMB385H1/​ HAJ453H1/​ HMB401H1/​ HMB402H1/​ HMB422H1/​ HMB432H1/​ HMB434H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB442H1/​ HMB443H1/​ HMB452H1/​ HMB453H1/​ HMB462H1/​ HMB470H1/​ HMB471H1/​ HMB472H1/​ HMB473H1/​ HMB474H1/​ JEH455H1/​ ANA300Y1/​ ANA301H1/​ CSB345H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ EEB325H1/​ IMM340H1/​ IMM350H1/​ LMP301H1/​ LMP365H1/​ LMP403H1/​ LMP406H1/​ LMP450H1/​ LMP460H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ NFS485H1/​ NFS486H1/​ PCL302H1/​ PCL362H1/​ PCL386H1/​ PCL469H1/​ PCL470H1/​ PCL482H1/​ PCL483H1/​ PSL404H1/​ PSL421H1/​ PSL425H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

14. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
15. 0.5 credit in bioethics: HMB306H1/​ HMB406H1/​ PHL281H1
16. 0.5 credit from upper-year lab course: HMB312H1/​ HMB314H1/​ CSB330H1/​ PSL372H1/​ BCH370H1
17. 0.5 credit from research based courses: HMB323H1/​ HMB342H1/​ HST373H1
18. 1.0 credit from HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Health & Disease Specialists Notes:
1.
Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Health & Disease specialists. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.

Course Group

Health & Disease Centric Courses

HAJ453H1/​ HMB453H1, HMB202H1, HMB302H1, HMB312H1, HMB322H1, HMB342H1, EHJ352H1, HMB402H1, HMB422H1, HMB432H1, HMB434H1, HMB435H1, HMB437H1, HMB440H1, HMB441H1, HMB442H1, HMB452H1, JEH455H1, HMB462H1, HMB474H1

Students in this program have the option to complete the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream.

Neuroscience Specialist (Science Program) - ASSPE1472

HMB: Neuroscience
Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field aimed at understanding the brain and nervous system utilizing integration of research at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels, and through all stages of human development. The application of neuroscience has important implications for understanding human behaviour and for promoting the development of effective strategies for diagnosing and treating nervous system disorders. The objective of the HMB: Neuroscience specialist and major programs is to provide students with a solid foundation and facilitates the integration of concepts from multiple fields to their understanding of neuroscience.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Note there are different options depending on whether a student has completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits, or 9.0 or more credits.

For students who have completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
Minimum grades in required courses or their equivalents are needed for entry, and these minimums change each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 70% in BIO130H1, a final grade average lower than 70% in ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1), or a final grade lower than 70% in CHM151Y1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining the minimum grades does not guarantee admission to the program.

For students who have completed 9.0 or more credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 70% in BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

Students applying for admissions to the program utilizing transfer credits will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Students entering from CEGEP or from another university should contact hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca after their transfer credit assessment has been complete for program enrolment assessment. Please consult the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for more information on program enrolment.

Students in this program have the option to request enrolment in the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream. Students can apply for the ASIP stream after Year 1 (Year 2 entry) or after Year 2 (Year 3 entry, starting Fall 2025). Full details about ASIP, including student eligibility, selection and enrolment, are available in the ASIP section of the Arts & Science Academic Calendar. Please note that the majority of students enter ASIP in Fall term of Year 2. Space is more limited for Year 3 entry and there are program-specific year 3 entry enrolment requirements. Students applying for Year 3 entry must have been admitted to the Neuroscience Specialist program in the Summer after Year 2 and have completed BIO230H1, HMB265H1 and HMB200H1 prior to ASIP entry.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (12.0 credits, including at least 1.0 credit at the 400-level)

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
    Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course.
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1/​ CSC108H1/​ CSC110Y1/​ CSC148H1
  3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1
6. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
7. PSL300H1

Neuroscience Concentration Courses

8. PSY100H1 Transfer credits from AP and IB Psychology are not accepted
9. HMB200H1
10. HMB300H1
11. CJH332H1
12. HMB320H1
13. JHA410H1/​ ANA300Y1

14. 2.0 credits from HMB360H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB420H1/​ HMB430H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB442H1/​ HMB450H1/​ HMB460H1/​ HMB471H1/​ HMB473H1/​ HMB490Y1/​ CSB345H1/​ CSB346H1/​ CSB430H1/​ CSB432H1/​ CSB445H1/​ CSC321H1/​ LMP410H1/​ NEW335H1/​ BPM335H1/​ NFS489H1/​ PCL475H1/​ PCL476H1/​ PSL374H1/​ PSL432H1/​ PSL440Y1/​ PSL445H1/​ PSL446H1/​ PSL450H1/​ PSL452H1/​ PSL472H1/​ PSY342H1/​ PSY371H1/​ PSY372H1/​ PSY390H1/​ PSY395H1/​ PSY460H1/​ PSY470H1/​ PSY471H1/​ PSY473H1/​ PSY480H1/​ PSY490H1/​ PSY492H1/​ PSY493H1/​ PSY492H1/​ PSY493H1/​ PSY494H1/​ PSY496H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

15. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
16. 0.5 credit from bioethics: HMB306H1/​ HMB406H1/​ PHL281H1
17. 0.5 credit from upper-year lab course: HMB310H1/​ HMB314H1/​ PSY369H1
18. 1.0 credit from project course: HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Neuroscience Specialists Notes:

  1. Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program.
  2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Neuroscience specialists. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
  3. Effective Fall 2021, courses associated with New College's Buddhism, Psychology and Mental Health program will have the new "BPM" designator.

Course Group

Neuroscience Centric Courses:

HMB200H1, HMB300H1, HMB310H1, HMB320H1, CJH332H1, HMB360H1, JHA410H1, HMB420H1, HMB430H1, HMB440H1, HMB442H1, HMB450H1, HMB460H1, HMB473H1

Students in this program have the option to complete the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream.

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1050

HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

The objective of the HMB: Fundamental Genetics and its Applications specialist and major programs are to provide students with a solid foundation in the biological sciences with a focus on genetics and its applications in medicine, environment and biotechnology.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (8.0 credits, including a 0.5 credit at the 400-level)

To help students proceed through the program, it is recommended that first year life science requirements are completed before entering the program.

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

1. ( CHM135H1 and CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course

2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1/​ CSC108H1/​ CSC110Y1/​ CSC148H1
3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1

Courses in Fundamental Genetics

7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. HMB321H1

9. 0.5 credit from: HMB360H1/​ HMB421H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB474H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH425H1/​ BCH426H1/​ BCH440H1/​ BCH445H1/​ BCH448H1/​ CSB328H1/​ CSB331H1/​ CSB340H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ CSB353H1/​ CSB428H1/​ CSB429H1/​ EEB318H1/​ EEB323H1/​ EEB365H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY315H1/​ MGY340H1/​ MGY428H1/​ MGY470H1/​ PSL350H1

Courses in Applied Genetics

10. HMB201H1
11. HMB301H1/​ HMB360H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ PSL350H1

12. 0.5 credit from: HMB301H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB401H1/​ HMB431H1/​ HMB436H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB489H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH340H1/​ BCH350H1/​ BCH441H1/​ BCH447H1/​ CSB352H1/​ CSB458H1/​ CSB459H1/​ CSB472H1/​ CSB473H1/​ CSB474H1/​ EEB325H1/​ EEB459H1/​ EEB460H1/​ MGY441H1/​ NFS487H1/​ PHL384H1/​ PSL350H1/​ PSL404H1/​ PSY390H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

13. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1

14. 0.5 credit from: HMB311H1/​ HMB314H1/​ MGY315H1/​ HMB342H1/​ HMB360H1/​ HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*/ HST373H1/​ MGY314H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Major Notes:

1. Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program.
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Fundamental Genetics and its Applications majors. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
3. The Fundamental Genetics and its Applications major cannot be paired with any other Human Biology Program managed major program.

Course Group

Fundamental Genetics and its Applications Centric Courses

HMB201H1, HMB301H1, HMB311H1, HMB321H1, EHJ352H1, HMB360H1, HMB401H1, HMB421H1, HMB431H1, HMB435H1, HMB441H1

Global Health Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ2575

HMB: Global Health

The objective of the HMB: Global Health program is to provide students with instruction in fundamental biological sciences and to integrate a broad understanding of the socio-economic and cultural determinants of health to populations around the world.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (8.0 credits, including a 0.5 credit at the 400-level)

To help students proceed through the program, it is recommended that first year life science requirements are completed before entering the program.

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1 and CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1 Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course.
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

3. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
4. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1
5. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
6. PSL300H1, PSL301H1
7. 1.0 credit from: HMB302H1/​ ANA300Y1/​ ANA301H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ IMM340H1/​ IMM350H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ PSL350H1

Global Health Concentration Courses

8. 0.5 credit from: PHS100H1/​ PSY100H1/​ INS201Y1/​ ANT100Y1/​ SOC101Y/ SOC100H1/​ ECO100Y1 / ECO101H1/​ ECO105Y1
Transfer credits from AP and IB psychology are not accepted.
9. HMB203H1

10. 0.5 credit from courses on the biological dimensions of Global Health: HAJ453H1/​ HMB323H1/​ HMB342H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB433H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB453H1/​ HMB443H1/​ HMB462H1/​ HMB473H1/​ HMB474H1/​ HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*/ CSB351Y1/​ EEB325H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ HST373H1/​ MGY350H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ MIJ485H1

11. 0.5 credit from courses on the social and ecological dimensions of Global Health: HMB226H1/​ HMB303H1/​ HMB306H1/​ HMB406H1/​ ANT345H1/​ ANT348H1/​ ANT358H1/​ ANT458H1/​ ANT460H1/​ BIO220H1/​ EEB428H1/​ ENV341H1/​ ENV430H1/​ ENV432H1/​ GGR433H1/​ GGR434H1/​ JEH455H1/​ ECO314H1/​ HST405H1/​ HST410H1/​ HST440H1/​ HST464H1/​ INS240Y1/​ INS250H1/​ INS350H1/​ INS355H1/​ JNH350H1/​ NEW352H1/​ AFR352H1/​ NEW353H1/​ AFR353H1/​ NEW453H1/​ AFR453H1/​ NFS490H1/​ PHS300H1/​ PSY320H1/​ PSY321H1/​ ECO324H1/​ ECO333H1/​ ECO334H1/​ ECO342H1/​ ECO402H1

Data Analysis Courses

12. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Global Health Major Notes:
1.
Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Global Health majors. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
3. The Global Health major cannot be paired with any other Human Biology Program managed major program.
4. Effective Fall 2021, courses associated with New College's African Studies program will have the new "AFR" designator.

Course Group

Global Health Centric Courses

HMB203H1, HMB303H1, HMB323H1, HMB342H1, JNH350H1, HMB433H1, HMB434H1, HMB443H1, HAJ453H1/​ HMB453H1, JEH455H1, HMB462H1

Health & Disease Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ2013

HMB: Health & Disease

The objective of the HMB: Health & Disease program is to provide students with a solid foundation in the biological sciences as it relates to basic human physiology and the mechanisms of disease and to facilitate the integration of concepts from across the life sciences, social sciences and humanities. In addition, students will acquire skills in laboratory science, experience with quantitative approaches, and develop effective communication skills to provide an appropriate background essential to research and problem solving in this field.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (8.0 credits, including a 0.5 credit at the 400-level)

To help students proceed through the program, it is recommended that first year life science requirements are completed before entering the program.

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1 and CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
    Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1
  3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO220H1, BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1
6. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
7. PSL300H1, PSL301H1

Health & Disease Concentration Courses

8. HMB202H1
9. HMB302H1/​ HMB322H1

10. 0.5 credit from: HMB385H1/​ HAJ453H1/​ HMB401H1/​ HMB402H1/​ HMB422H1/​ HMB432H1/​ HMB434H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB442H1/​ HMB443H1/​ HMB452H1/​ HMB453H1/​ HMB462H1/​ HMB470H1/​ HMB471H1/​ HMB472H1/​ HMB473H1/​ HMB474H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ JEH455H1/​ ANA300Y1/​ ANA301H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB345H1/​ EEB325H1/​ LMP301H1/​ LMP363H1/​ LMP403H1/​ LMP406H1/​ LMP450H1/​ LMP460H1/​ NFS485H1/​ NFS486H1/​ PCL302H1/​ PCL362H1/​ PCL386H1/​ PCL469H1/​ PCL470H1/​ PCL482H1/​ PCL483H1/​ PSL350H1/​ PSL404H1/​ PSL421H1/​ PSL425H1

Data Analysis and Courses in Advanced Research, Laboratory, or Cellular Molecular Topics

11. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
12. 0.5 credit from: HMB312H1/​ HMB314H1/​ HMB323H1/​ HMB342H1/​ HST373H1/​ HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*/ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ PSL350H1

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Health & Disease Major Notes:

1. Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Health & Disease majors. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
3. The Health & Disease major cannot be paired with any other Human Biology Program managed major program.

Course Group

Health & Disease Centric Courses

HAJ453H1/​ HMB453H1, HMB202H1, HMB302H1, HMB312H1, HMB322H1, HMB342H1, EHJ352H1, HMB402H1, HMB422H1, HMB432H1, HMB434H1, HMB435H1, HMB437H1, HMB440H1, HMB441H1, HMB442H1, HMB452H1, JEH455H1, HMB462H1, HMB474H1

Human Biology Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ2035

HMB: Human Biology

Human Biology is a transdisciplinary field concerned with the study of human health from a biological, sociological, and evolutionary perspective. Research in human biology focuses on impact that genetic variations, development, physical fitness, and nutrition have on the general health of populations and how this compares across cultures and through history. The objective of the HMB: Human Biology major program is to provide students with a solid foundation in the life sciences as it relates to human biology and to facilitate the integration of concepts from across the social sciences and humanities, and to equip them with quantitative skills essential to research and success in this field.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is an open enrolment program. A student who has completed 4.0 credits may enrol in the program.


Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (8.0 credits, including a 0.5 credit at the 400-level)

To help students proceed through the program, it is recommended that first year life science requirements are completed before entering the program.

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1 and CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
    Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1
  3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. HMB204H1
6. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1, BIO220H1
7. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
8. PSL300H1, PSL301H1

9. 1.0 credit from: HMB302H1/​ HMB385H1/​ ANA300Y1/​ ANA301H1/​ BCH311H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ IMM340H1/​ IMM350H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ PSL350H1

10. 1.0 credit from: HMB226H1/​ HMB302H1/​ HMB303H1/​ HMB310H1/​ HMB311H1/​ HMB312H1/​ HMB314H1/​ HMB322H1/​ HMB323H1/​ HMB342H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ HMB360H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB402H1/​ HMB406H1/​ HMB422H1/​ HMB432H1/​ HMB434H1/​ HMB435H1/​ HMB437H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB441H1/​ HMB443H1/​ HMB452H1/​ HMB462H1/​ HMB470H1/​ HMB471H1/​ HMB473H1/​ HMB474H1/​ HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*/ JEH455H1/​ ANA301H1/​ BIO270H1/​ BIO271H1/​ BCH311H1/​ BCH340H1/​ BCH422H1/​ BCH426H1/​ BCH440H1/​ BCH441H1/​ BCH445H1/​ BCH447H1/​ CSB325H1/​ CSB345H1/​ CSB346H1/​ CSB349H1/​ CSB351Y1/​ CSB443H1/​ EEB255H1/​ EEB318H1/​ EEB319H1/​ EEB323H1/​ EEB324H1/​ EEB325H1/​ EEB365H1/​ EEB375H1/​ EHJ352H1/​ EEB428H1/​ EEB445H1/​ EEB465H1/​ IMM340H1/​ IMM350H1/​ IMM430H1/​ LMP363H1/​ LMP402H1/​ LMP403H1/​ LMP406H1/​ LMP440H1/​ LMP450H1/​ LMP460H1/​ MIJ485H1/​ MGY377H1/​ MGY378H1/​ MGY441H1/​ MGY470H1/​ NFS284H1/​ NFS382H1/​ NFS400H1/​ NFS485H1/​ NFS486H1/​ NFS487H1/​ NFS488H1/​ NFS489H1/​ NFS490H1/​ PCL201H1/​ PCL302H1/​ PCL362H1/​ PCL386H1/​ PCL469H1/​ PCL470H1/​ PCL482H1/​ PCL483H1/​ PSL350H1/​ PSL420H1/​ PSL421H1/​ PSY369H1/​ PSY371H1/​ PSY372H1/​ PSY440H1/​ PSY460H1/​ PSY470H1/​ PSY471H1/​ PSY494H1

*A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Human Biology Major Notes:
1.
Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program.
2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Human Biology majors. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
3. The Human Biology major cannot be paired with any other Human Biology Program managed major program.

Neuroscience Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ1472

HMB: Neuroscience

Neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field aimed at understanding the brain and nervous system utilizing integration of research at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels, and through all stages of human development. The application of neuroscience has important implications for understanding human behaviour and for promoting the development of effective strategies for diagnosing and treating nervous system disorders. The objective of the HMB: Neuroscience specialist and major programs is to provide students with a solid foundation and facilitates the integration of concepts from multiple fields to their understanding of neuroscience.

Enrolment Requirements:

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Note there are different options depending on whether a student has completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits, or 9.0 or more credits.

For students who have completed between 4.0 and 8.5 credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
Minimum grades in required courses or their equivalents are needed for entry, and these minimums change each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 55% in BIO130H1, a final grade average lower than 70% in ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1), or a final grade lower than 70% in CHM151Y1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining the minimum final grades does not guarantee admission to the program.

For students who have completed 9.0 or more credits:

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade lower than 55% in BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1 will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program.

Students applying for admissions to the program utilizing transfer credits will be considered on a case-by-case basis. Students entering from CEGEP or from another university should contact hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca after their transfer credit assessment has been complete for program enrolment assessment. Please consult the Arts & Science Program Toolkit for more information on program enrolment.

Completion Requirements:

Required Courses (8.0 credits, including at least 0.5 credit at the 400-level)

Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems

  1. ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
    Transfer credits will be accepted in lieu of the chemistry requirements only if they carry a direct exclusion or equivalency to a pre-approved chemistry course.
  2. MAT135H1/​ PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1/​ CSC108H1/​ CSC110Y1/​ CSC148H1
  3. BCH210H1

Biological Foundations of Living Systems

4. BIO120H1, BIO130H1
5. BIO230H1/​ BIO255H1
6. HMB265H1/​ BIO260H1
7. PSL300H1

Neuroscience Concentration Courses

8. HMB200H1
9. HMB300H1
10. CJH332H1
11. 0.5 credit from HMB320H1/​ JHA410H1/​ ANA300Y1

12. 0.5 credit from HMB360H1/​ HMB385H1/​ HMB420H1/​ HMB430H1/​ HMB440H1/​ HMB442H1 / HMB450H1/​ HMB460H1/​ HMB471H1/​ HMB473H1 / HMB490Y1/​ HMB491Y1/​ HMB496Y1*/ JHA410H1/​ CSB345H1/​ CSB346H1/​ CSB430H1/​ CSB432H1/​ CSB445H1/​ CSC321H1/​ LMP410H1/​ NEW335H1/​ BPM335H1/​ NFS489H1/​ PCL475H1/​ PCL476H1/​ PSL374H1/​ PSL432H1/​ PSL440Y1/​ PSL445H1/​ PSL446H1/​ PSL450H1/​ PSL452H1/​ PSL472H1/​ PSY342H1/​ PSY371H1/​ PSY372H1/​ PSY390H1/​ PSY395H1/​ PSY460H1/​ PSY470H1/​ PSY471H1/​ PSY473H1/​ PSY480H1/​ PSY490H1/​ PSY492H1/​ PSY493H1/​ PSY492H1/​ PSY493H1/​ PSY494H1/​ PSY496H1

Data Analysis and Research-Based Courses

13. 0.5 credit in statistics: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
14. 0.5 credit from a higher-year lab course: HMB310H1/​ HMB314H1/​ PSY369H1

* A research project from a different unit may be accepted with prior written approval from Human Biology.

Neuroscience Major Notes:

  1. Courses can only count toward one requirement, even if listed as options to multiple requisites of the program.
  2. Not all courses listed have priority enrolment for Neuroscience majors. Students are responsible for checking priority of courses and meeting course prerequisites for courses they wish to take.
  3. The Neuroscience major cannot be paired with any other Human Biology Program managed major program.
  4. Effective Fall 2021, courses associated with New College's Buddhism, Psychology and Mental Health program will have the new "BPM" designator.

Course Group

Neuroscience Centric Courses:

HMB200H1, HMB300H1, HMB310H1, HMB320H1, CJH332H1, HMB360H1, JHA410H1, HMB420H1, HMB430H1, HMB440H1, HMB442H1, HMB450H1, HMB460H1, HMB473H1


Important Notes About Human Biology Courses

Human Biology Course Prerequisites & Co-requisites

Students are advised that the Human Biology Program enforces prerequisites and co-requisites on all courses offered by the program. Students are expected to know the prerequisites of courses they wish to take and ensure they have the necessary prerequisites prior to enrolment.

Should a student wish to seek a prerequisite waiver, the request must be made prior to enrolling in the course. Please email the program office at hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca with such requests. If a student is enrolled in a Specialist in Statistical Science: Methods and Practice, or is planning on using transfer credits, or credits obtained from UTSC/UTM, in lieu of stated prerequisites/co-requisites, please contact the program office prior to enrolling in courses to ensure your alternate credits will be accepted.

Please note that if a prerequisite is a credit count, we generally will allow a 0.5 credit difference (i.e., have 13.5 credits complete when 14.0 credits is required). Should a student have all other prerequisites and if enrolment pressure is not too high, the credit prerequisite will be waived. An email request for a waiver of this type of prerequisite is not necessary.

Please note that 300-level courses with the following joint course codes are automatically accepted when the prerequisite states "A HMB 300-level course:" CJH, EHJ, JNH.

Regarding Human Biology 400-level Courses

Given that all students enrolled in a Human Biology program require, at least, 0.5 credit of HMB 400-level courses and due to the popularity of these courses, student entering their 4th year of study will be given the opportunity to ballot for 0.5 credit of HMB 400-level fall/winter courses. The balloting process will be conducted during the period immediately preceding course enrolment and students who have successfully completely this process will be pre-enrolled in 0.5 credit of HMB 400-level courses; students will then be able to enrol and/or waitlist for other HMB 400-level courses during the regular course enrolment period. Students who have completed or will complete their HMB 400-level course requirements by the Fall of their 4th year are not eligible to participate in balloting.

There are no individual prerequisite exceptions on any HMB 400-level course. Students are required to check all prerequisites prior to enrolling in HMB 400-level courses. Students who enrol in and do not meet the stated prerequisites of an HMB course will be removed.

Students planning to use transfer credits in lieu of the prerequisites must email hmb.undergrad@utoronto.ca before enrolling in the course to request that transfer credits be accepted in lieu of the stated prerequisites.

Regarding Human Biology "Tiered Waitlists"

The Human Biology Program employs "tiered waitlists" on all courses that have the enrolment indicator of R1 or P that has unequal spots. (HMB does not use the R2 enrolment control). For an explanation of how Tiered Waitlists work please visit the "HMB Tiered Waitlist Explained" webpage.

Human Biology Courses

HMB200H1 - Introduction to Neuroscience

Hours: 24L/12T

An introductory course that explores the development, physiology and continually changing function of the nervous system as it relates to certain types of human behaviour. Critical analysis of scientific evidence is used to enrich learning.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1, BIO130H1
Recommended Preparation: PSL300H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB201H1 - Introduction to Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

Hours: 24L/12T

The course provides a comprehensive introduction to a variety of therapeutic approaches including gene therapy, CRISPR-based gene editing, epigenetic manipulations & regenerative medicine. This course consists of three parts: tools and techniques of gene & genome manipulations; medical, environmental and agricultural biotechnology applications; and ethical, legal and social aspects of modern biotechnology as it pertains to human health and wellbeing.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1, BIO130H1
Corequisite: EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB265H1/ BIO260H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB202H1 - Introduction to Health and Disease

Hours: 24L/12P

An introductory course in Health and Disease using an interdisciplinary approach that integrates bacteriology and virology with other aspects of human biology, including chronic disease and neoplasia. An exploration of the key concepts and approaches that are necessary for understanding the dynamic nexus of human health and disease. (Lab Materials Fee: $30)

Prerequisite: BIO120H1, BIO130H1
Exclusion: HMB203H1/ HMB204H1
Recommended Preparation: BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB203H1 - Introduction to Global Health

Hours: 24L/12T

An introductory course covering the theories, operational components and strategies of implementing health care in resource-poor settings. Topics may include education, control of vector-borne diseases, essential drug provision, maternal and child health, nutrition, incorporation of alternative and complementary technologies, community participation and deployment of health service providers

Prerequisite: BIO120H1, BIO130H1
Exclusion: HMB202H1/ HMB204H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB204H1 - Introduction to Human Biology

Hours: 24L/12T

An introduction to the biological, health, environmental, and sociopolitical issues that influence human health and well-being. Topics include genetic variation within and across human populations, biological variation related to the environment, determinants of health and disease, and human behaviour and development.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1, BIO130H1
Exclusion: HMB202H1/ HMB203H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB226H1 - Indigenous Holistic Health

Hours: 2P/22S

What is holistic health in an Indigenous framework? How can holistic health (physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual) be ethically explored to inform health and healing? What is cultural safety in health care systems? This course explores the effects of traditional practices, culture, activities, arts, land-based healing, music and ceremony in health and healing.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Corequisite: HMB200H1/ HMB201H1/ HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1/ HST209H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB265H1 - General & Human Genetics

Hours: 24L/12T

An introduction to classical and modern methods of genetic analysis. Topics include Mendelian genetics, the genetics of human population and disease, genomics, and applications of genetics to human society.

Prerequisite: BIO120H1, BIO130H1, ( CHM135H1/ CHM139H1, CHM136H1/ CHM138H1)/ CHM151Y1
Exclusion: BIO260H1/ BIO207H5
Recommended Preparation: Recommended Co-requisite: BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB299Y1 - Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. Details at https://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/academics/research-opportunities…. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

HMB300H1 - Neurobiology of Behaviour

Hours: 24L/12T

This neuroscience course focuses on higher brain functions and the mechanisms underlying human and animal behaviours. Topics may include the emerging role of the gut microbiome's impact on behaviour, pathogens that alter neuronal development and the biological basis of mindfulness and placebos. In addition, the impact that exercise and sleep play in modulating these behaviours are examined. Common experimental techniques used in neuroscience research such as brain imaging and cellular genetics are emphasized.

Prerequisite: BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, HMB200H1/ PSY290H1/ PSL300H1/ CJH332H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB301H1 - Biotechnology

Hours: 24L/12T

Students gain an appreciation for how science, government and society drive the development of biotechnology products. Topics include emerging immunotherapies, “living therapeutics”, emerging challenges, CRISPR-based therapeutics, emerging diagnostics, and stem cells and regenerative medicine.

Prerequisite: HMB201H1/ HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB360H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB302H1 - Vertebrate Histology and Histopathology

Hours: 24L/36P

Laboratory and lecture course studying the structure of the cell, various tissues and organ systems. Emphasis is on functional morphology and the adaptive response (including the inflammatory reaction) by comparing histological sections of normal tissues and organs with common diseases including neoplasia, respiratory, and liver disease. (Lab Materials Fee: $27)

Prerequisite: BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB303H1 - Global Health and Human Rights

Hours: 28L/8S

The Global Health & Human Rights course uses a multidisciplinary approach to consider the theory and practice of global health as well as human rights from a global health perspective. The course has an emphasis on the social, historical, economic and political determinants of global health and human rights. The critical approach used in the course will also allow students to begin to consider the limitations and contradictions inherent in the theory and practice of global health and in human rights.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1/ HST209H1/ HST211H1/ HST250H1
Breadth Requirements: Society and its Institutions (3)

HMB306H1 - Ethical Considerations in Emerging Technology

Hours: 14L/10S

Advancing technology increases our ability to intervene in the course of natural events involving human health and well being. Questions arise as whether we ought to and who will benefit or be harmed. This course considers the far-reaching bioethical implications of emerging bio-technology. Topics to be explored include-but are not limited to- ethical considerations in emerging reproductive technologies, genetic alteration/genetic enhancement. Use of life support technologies, synthetic life, life extension.

Prerequisite: BIO230H1, HMB265H1/ BIO260H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB310H1 - Laboratory in Neuroscience

Hours: 12L/36P

A laboratory course based on current research techniques for students in the Neuroscience program. Lab topics may include human brain imaging and disorders, electrophysiology, cell culture, and changes in gene expression during neuronal development. Labs start in the first week of term. (Lab Materials Fee: $72)

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB200H1/ PSY290H1, one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, and one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Corequisite: PSL300H1
Exclusion: HMB311H1/ HMB312H1/ HMB314H1/ PSY359H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB311H1 - Laboratory in Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

Hours: 12L/36P

A laboratory course based on current research techniques for students in the Fundamental Genetics and its Applications programs. Lab topics may include molecular biology and animal cell culture techniques, nutrigenomics; an overview of microarrays and a CRISPR module. Labs start in the first week of term. (Lab Materials Fee: $124)

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including HMB201H1, one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, and one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Exclusion: HMB310H1/ HMB312H1/ HMB314H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB312H1 - Laboratory in Health and Disease

Hours: 12L/36P

A laboratory course based on current research techniques and topics which may include basic microbiology, molecular biology and animal cell culture techniques, immunocytochemistry, changes in gene expression, and histological techniques. Labs start in the first week of term. (Lab Materials Fee: $103)

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1, one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, and one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Corequisite: BCH210H1
Exclusion: HMB310H1/ HMB311H1/ HMB314H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB314H1 - Laboratory in Human Biology

Hours: 12L/36P

Students analyze whole body, cellular, and molecular responses to stress. Techniques range from those standard in medical practice (e.g., fitness measures, blood pressure, lung function) to current research techniques (cell culture, changes in gene expression). Students gain technical and analytical skills as they work at the bench to design and carry out individual and group experiments. Labs start in the first week of term. (Lab Materials Fee: $60)

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, and one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Corequisite: PSL300H1, PSL301H1
Exclusion: HMB310H1/ HMB311H1/ HMB312H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB320H1 - Neuroanatomy

Hours: 24L/4T/10P

This is a rigorous, introductory course that addresses the structure of the vertebrate central nervous system with an emphasis on functional human neuroanatomy. It is designed for students who intend to continue with studies in the Neurosciences and related areas.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including PSL300H1, HMB200H1, and one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB321H1 - Topics in Genetics

Hours: 24L/12T

The overall theme of this course is human genetics in disease. Topics include the molecular basis of human disease, using model organisms to identify disease-related genes, and genetic counseling. Expert guest lectures from clinical and basic sciences as well as small group work in tutorials build in-depth understanding.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB322H1 - Topics in Health & Disease

Hours: 24L/12T

Explore the scientific basis and interdisciplinary healthcare practices of several diseases (diseases vary by year). Discuss current issues related to the biology and the impact of these diseases.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1, one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, and PSL300H1
Corequisite: PSL301H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB302H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB323H1 - Global Health Research

Hours: 24L/12T

Health is a responsibility shared worldwide. Globalization of health has impacted biomedical research. Students will explore current global health research advances and build skills in the design and conduct of global health research studies.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1, and one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

CJH332H1 - Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology of the Synapse

Previous Course Number: CSB332H1

Hours: 36L

Examination of all aspects of the synapse in both the peripheral and central nervous systems of invertebrates and vertebrates. Topics include: neuroplasticity, synapse formation, synaptic transmission, synaptic modulation, and the molecular biological basis of neurodegenerative disorders.

Prerequisite: BIO271H1/ PSL300H1
Exclusion: CSB332H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB342H1 - Epidemiology of Health & Disease

Hours: 24L/12T

This course engages students in the fundamental science of epidemiology applied to health and disease. After an introduction to various measures of health and disease, the scientific methods used to investigate, analyze, prevent and control health problems will be illustrated using social, biomedical and public health examples

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of BIO120H1/ BIO130H1/ HST209H1
Exclusion: HST373H1
Recommended Preparation: STA220H1/ STA288H1/ EEB225H1/ PSY201H1
Breadth Requirements: The Physical and Mathematical Universes (5)

JAH350H1 - AIDS, Outbreaks, Pandemics: Challenges and Successes in Africa

Previous Course Number: JNH350H1

Hours: 24L

Explores a range of historical and current outbreaks, pandemics and epidemics such as AIDS, COVID-19 and Ebola in Africa through a social science lens. It introduces students to major concepts, events and debates that have and continue to shape understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, Ebola outbreak and COVID-19 pandemic, and the challenges and responses to these distinct health crises. Through a critical lens, students will engage diverse and interdisciplinary scholarship from public health, medical anthropology, sociology, African studies, and related fields within the health and social sciences fields to explore the converging factors that influence responses to health crises and their broader implications.

Prerequisite: 9.0 credits
Exclusion: JNH350H1
Recommended Preparation: AFR150Y1/ AFR290H1 or HMB203H1/ HMB202H1 or interested students with relevant background
Breadth Requirements: Society and its Institutions (3)

EHJ352H1 - Human Evolutionary Genomics

Hours: 24L/12T

Human genome diversity and evolution with a focus on current research. The course integrates applications of human evolutionary genomics to the understanding of human history and adaptation, the causes of disease, and genome structure and function. Topics include: comparative genomics, population genomics of adaptation, association mapping, polygenic scores, and repetitive/selfish DNA.

Prerequisite: BIO220H1, BIO260H1/ HMB265H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB360H1 - Neurogenomics

Hours: 24L/12T

This course covers two main themes: Emerging gene or cell-based therapies to treat neurological disorders and genome engineering tools and techniques to investigate both normal and abnormal brain function. Topics may include cell reprogramming & stem cell technologies, brain organoids & tissue engineering, emerging genome engineering approaches to treat neurodegenerative diseases and behavioural disorders, and optogenetics to probe neural circuit function. Tutorials emphasize critical analysis of primary research.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, and one of HMB200H1/ HMB201H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB385H1 - The Human Microbiome in Health & Disease

Hours: 24L/12T

The gut microbiome affects numerous aspects of human health and disease, from metabolic and neurodevelopmental disorders to cancer and host behaviour. This course explores the physiological role of the microbiome in human development, human disease, drug efficacy and drug resistance and the emerging gut microbiome as diagnostic and therapeutic target.

Prerequisite: BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, HMB200H1/ HMB201H1/ HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB201H1, HMB301H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB394Y0 - International Research Project in Human Biology

Your individual, independent research project is supervised by a faculty member in an approved university. This unique opportunity to conduct a lab-based research project is open to students in any Human Biology program. Coordinated by Centre for International Experience. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: 8.5 credits including relevant courses in human biology.

HMB396Y0 - International Research Project in Human Biology

Your individual, independent research project is supervised by a faculty member in an approved university. This unique opportunity to conduct a lab-based research project is open to students in any Human Biology program. Not eligible for CR/NCR option. Coordinated by Woodsworth College.

Prerequisite: An approved 300-series science laboratory course and permission of the Human Biology Program from which application forms may be obtained.

HMB398Y0 - Research Excursions

An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. Details at https://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/academics/research-opportunities…. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits and permission of the Human Biology Program from which application forms may be obtained.

HMB399H1 - Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. Details at https://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/academics/research-opportunities…. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

HMB399Y1 - Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. Details at https://www.artsci.utoronto.ca/current/academics/research-opportunities…. Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

HMB401H1 - Biomedical Advances & Technologies

Hours: 24L/12T

This course introduces life science students to biomedical advances and technologies in medicine, including drug patents, medical device implants, diagnostic and medical device software. Limitations of patent protection in commercializing medical products, and limitations to scalability may also be discussed. Specific topics vary from year to year and will be based on the course instructor's area(s) of expertise.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB301H1/ HMB321H1/ HMB360H1/ BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Recommended Preparation: A statistics course
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB402H1 - Topics in Translational Medicine

Hours: 18L/6S

The bridge between basic scientific research and clinical practice integrates fundamental knowledge about molecular/cellular mechanisms and clinical disorders to increase the potential for new medical treatments, therapies and interventions as well as understanding of disease processes. Specific topics vary from year to year and will be based on the instructor's area(s) of expertise.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including BCH210H1, one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, one of HMB302H1/ HMB321H1/ HMB322H1/ BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Recommended Preparation: BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB406H1 - Health Care Ethics

Hours: 8L/16S

Since research involving human subjects lays the foundation for innovation in modern health care, this course examines health care ethics along a continuum from bench to bedside. Ethical issues are discussed in the context of specific cases involving human research, as well as contemporary clinical practice.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level, and 0.5 additional credit from HMB306H1, PHL281H1, or another ethics course with prior approval from the unit
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

JHA410H1 - Clinical Neuroimaging

Hours: 24L/12T

This course focuses on the use of neuroimaging techniques in understanding how trauma, disorders, and disease impact neural structure and function. Lectures will focus on introduction to techniques and clinical/research applications. Lab work will focus on the development of practical skills including image processing, analyses, and experimental design.

Prerequisite: Completion of 9.0 credits including PSL300H1, BIO230H1, and one of HMB200H1/ PSY290H1/ ANA300Y1
Recommended Preparation: HMB320H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB420H1 - Seminar in Neurobiology of Behaviour

Hours: 12L/12S

This seminar course focuses on recent research into the neurobiology underlying human behaviour. A variety of normal and abnormal human behaviours are studied which may include: voluntary action; moral cognition; hedonism; aggression; mental health; addiction; the impact of the gut microbiome on brain development and health.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including HMB200H1, HMB300H1, and one of HMB320H1/ ANA300Y1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB421H1 - Seminar in Fundamental Genetics and its Applications

Hours: 12L/12S

Theme based lecture and seminar course underlining current medical research in relation to the areas of genes and genetics. Topics vary yearly.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including HMB201H1 and one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB321H1/ BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB422H1 - Seminar in Health & Disease

Hours: 16L/8S

This course focuses on various medical research related to human disease. Topics vary based on course instructor's area(s) of expertise.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, PSL301H1, one of HMB302H1/ HMB322H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB430H1 - Trends in Neuroscience

Hours: 18L/6S

Current research covering the breadth of neuroscience is showcased by members of the Collaborative Program in Neuroscience. Topics vary yearly, but cover the spectrum from molecular through genetic, cellular, developmental, systems, behavioural and modelling. As well, approaches to studying neurodegenerative diseases and clinical neurophysiology are introduced.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including HMB200H1, CJH332H1, and one of HMB320H1/ JHA410H1/ ANA300Y1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB431H1 - Innovation in Genome Engineering and Translational Research

Hours: 8L/16S

From bench to bedside, this seminar-based course explores innovation in research and technology and their application in the medical field. Special emphasis on innovative genetic engineering approaches used in combination with stem cell technologies to transform the field of personalized and regenerative medicine.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB301H1/ HMB360H1/ HMB321H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB432H1 - Topics in Histology & Histopathology

Hours: 12L/12S

Lecture and seminar course emphasizing current research. Topics may include the digestive system, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, stem cells, and neoplasia. Topics vary depending on class interest.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB302H1/ HMB322H1
Recommended Preparation: BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB433H1 - Topics in Global Health

Hours: 16L/8S

Seminar and theme based course examining the opportunity to apply basic knowledge of biological determinants of disease to designing health system interventions and informatics that can have a global impact in the near term.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB303H1/ HMB323H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB434H1 - Complementary & Integrative Medicine

Hours: 20L/4S

Introduction to complementary and alternative medical therapies. Topics include, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Naturopathy, Ayurvedic, and Mind-Body Practices. Biological mechanisms will be emphasized and therapies will be critically analyzed from an evidence-based research perspective. Integrating alternative therapies into Western practices with a focus on personalized medicine will be discussed.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including BCH210H1, one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, one of HMB302H1/ HMB312H1/ HMB314H1/ HMB322H1/ HMB323H1/ HMB342H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB342H1/ CSB349H1/ PSL350H1/ BCH311H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB435H1 - Selected Topics in Molecular Cell Biology

Hours: 16L/8S

Theme-based lecture and seminar course underlining current basic science research in the area of molecular and cell biology, focusing on cell migration and its relevance to human health and disease. Topics may focus on the impact of fundamental processes underlying the cell biology, physiology and pathophysiology of cell motility in a variety of systems (e.g. immune, nervous system, cancer context).

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB437H1 - The Biology of the Human Metallome

Hours: 24L

This course will discuss how heavy metals are integral to organ function through various biological pathways, the importance of metal regulation and control and its relationship with gene transcription. An introduction of metallo-therapeutics will also be featured, ranging from neurodegenerative therapies to cancer treatment.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, and BCH210H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB440H1 - Dementia

Hours: 24L

This course, featuring a service-learning component, explores dementia. In patients with dementia, intellectual, social and occupational functioning deteriorate. The course addresses the multi-disciplinary aspects of dementia (clinical, genetic, molecular, social) with a focus on the most common cause of dementia, Alzheimer's disease.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Specific application review and response dates will be available on the HMB Special Enrolment website. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, and one of HMB300H1/ HMB302H1/ HMB320H1/ HMB321H1/ ANA300Y1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB441H1 - Genetics of Human Disease

Hours: 24L

This advanced course aims to provide students with current, in-depth knowledge of the genetics of specific human diseases, including single gene (e.g., Huntington disease), multifactorial (e.g. Alzheimer’s disease), and non-Mendelian (e.g. mitochondrial DNA-related disease) disorders, and how the use of genetics to elucidate disease mechanisms can lead to treatments and personalized medicine in order to improve healthcare.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including BCH210H1, one of HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, one of HMB302H1/ HMB321H1/ HMB322H1/ HMB360H1/ BCH311H1/ CSB349H1/ MGY311Y1/ PSL350H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB321H1, PSL300H1, PSL301H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB442H1 - Brain Tumours: From Diagnosis to Treatment Effects

Hours: 16L/8S

This course focuses on current insights in brain tumour etiology and pathology as well as treatment options and side-effects. Based on a seminar format, this course is highly discussion-based and collaborative in nature.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, and one of HMB302H1/ HMB322H1/ HMB300H1/ HMB360H1/ CJH332H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB443H1 - Global Hidden Hunger

Hours: 18L/6S

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies, termed ‘hidden hunger,’ affect about half the world’s population. Explore the global nature, catastrophic consequences, and causes of these deficiencies. Discuss formulation and implementation of international, national, and local policies to alleviate ‘hidden hunger’ especially in infants and young children. A service-learning opportunity is integrated. Students will be required to contribute to a local community organization while using course knowledge to develop a project or initiative beneficial to the organization and community.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Specific application review and response dates will be available on the HMB Special Enrolment website. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, and 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level/ NFS382H1
Recommended Preparation: PSL301H1, CSB349H1/ PSL350H1/ BCH311H1
Breadth Requirements: Society and its Institutions (3)

HMB450H1 - Neurodevelopmental Diversity and Diseases

Hours: 24L/12T

Brain development plays a critical role in human health as early neurological mechanisms provide the foundation for future complex neurological processes. This course will examine how neurodevelopmental differences contribute to neurological diversity, disorders and/or diseases, such as autism, epilepsy, and paediatric multiple sclerosis. Current research from basic, translational, and clinical perspectives will be examined. Case studies, the impact of neurodevelopmental differences, and respect for neurodiversity will be emphasized.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including HMB200H1, and one of HMB320H1/ ANA300Y1/ JHA410H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB452H1 - Personalized Medicine

Hours: 12L/12S

The bridge between basic scientific research and clinical practice integrates fundamental knowledge about molecular/cellular mechanisms and clinical disorders to increase the potential for new medical treatments and technologies as well as understanding of disease processes. Specific topics vary from year to year and will be based on the course instructor's area(s) of expertise.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB302H1/ HMB321H1/ HMB322H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB453H1 - AIDS: A Global Perspective

Hours: 6L/18S

Seminars explore the global AIDS crisis. Varying epidemiological profiles of AIDS are placed in broader biological, social, and cultural frameworks. The impact of globalization and structural inequality on local cultures and lifestyles provides a backdrop to the discussions.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level/ JSU237H1/ PHS300H1/ JNH350H1
Exclusion: HAJ453H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

JEH455H1 - Current Issues in Environment and Health

Hours: 16L/8S

This course introduces students to complex issues at the interface between environment and health where health is broadly defined. Each year a current and controversial case study is explored from scientific, medical, political and policy perspectives. The course takes students from the molecular to individual to population and societal levels.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of ENV341H1/ HMB302H1/ HMB312H1/ HMB314H1/ HMB322H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB460H1 - Seminars in Neurobiology of Mental Health

Hours: 12L/12S

This seminar course focuses on recent research into the neurobiology underlying mental health issues and is highly discussion-based and collaborative in nature. Specific topics are indicated by subtopic (which may vary yearly).

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including HMB200H1, HMB300H1, and one of HMB320H1/ ANA300Y1/ JHA410H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB462H1 - Topics in Epidemiology

Hours: 12L/12S

The focus is on the theory and application of biostatistics and epidemiology to current developments in special topics in substantive areas of epidemiology (e.g., chronic disease, environmental & occupational health, infectious disease, methods, social, etc.).

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including HMB342H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB470H1 - Exercise and Sports Medicine

Hours: 22L/4S

This course considers the health benefits and risks of different forms of exercise, with a goal of understanding how people should exercise, and how much, depending on their athletic and health goals. It introduces elements of exercise science including the biomechanics of tissues and injuries to develop an understanding of how both the quantity and quality of movement and loading contribute to healthy training and/or injury. Some common injuries in sport such as knee injuries and concussions are used as examples of how various patterns of loading can cause injuries.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, PSL301H1, and 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB471H1 - Performance Enhancement

Hours: 24L/4P

Enhancing performance has broad appeal. This course explores current developments for achieving peak performance academically, physically and emotionally. We focus on the scientific basis of the links between performance and stress, and of the benefits and risks of pharmacological methods to achieve performance enhancement. Various stress management skills are introduced.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, and 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB472H1 - Exercise Physiology

Hours: 20L/4S

Examine the physiological and biochemical responses of the human body to both acute and chronic bouts of physical activity. The impact of activity on health, and health on physical activity, is explored by examining adaptations from the cellular to the systemic level of bodily function.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, PSL301H1, and 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

JHU473H1 - Environmental Crises, Human Mobility, and Health

Hours: 24S

Multiple environmental crises – climate change, environmental degradation, loss of biodiversity, resource depletion – are already affecting every inhabited region of the globe, impacting human health in direct, indirect, and systemic ways. At the systemic level, they act as risk multipliers, compounding the effects of pre-existing social and political determinants of health, including human mobility. This course discusses the interactions between environmental crises and human mobility, and their impact on human health.

Prerequisite: HST209H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB303H1
Recommended Preparation: HMB203H1, HST405H1
Breadth Requirements: Society and its Institutions (3)

HMB473H1 - Exercise and Mental Health

Hours: 18L/10P/6S

This course, featuring a service-learning component, discusses how mental well-being is a critical element of total health. We explore the evidence underpinning the role of physical activity in the avoidance of mental disorders, recovery from mental disorders, and the quality of life of those with or without mental disorders.

A short application to enrol in this course is required. Information may be found via the Human Biology Program website.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, PSL301H1, and 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB474H1 - Dental Sciences

Hours: 20L/4S

Dentistry is one of the oldest branches of medicine responsible for the treatment of diseases of oral cavity. This course will introduce students to the key concepts as well as the latest research in the dental sciences, including but not limited to craniofacial structures, bone physiology, odontogenesis, pathogenesis of oral diseases, and technology in dental sciences.

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including PSL300H1, PSL301H1, and 0.5 HMB/CJH/EHJ/JNH credit at the 300-level
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB489H1 - Advanced Laboratory in Human Biology

Hours: 36P/12S

Building on their experience in 3rd-year labs, students participate in inquiry-based laboratory experiments in diverse areas of current human biology research. Open to students in any Human Biology program. Labs start in the first week of term. (Lab Materials Fee: $118)

Prerequisite: Completion of 14.0 credits including one of HMB310H1/ HMB311H1/ HMB312H1/ HMB314H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB490Y1 - Health in Community

Hours: 24L/24T

An experiential learning course exploring health-related challenges and social determinants of health in partnership with local community organizations. Lectures and tutorials will support learning of selected biological and social aspects of health and disease, neuroscience, genetics or population health, and the development of scientific knowledge translation skills relevant to the community agencies. Cannot be taken concurrently with a full year research project course.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. The application will ask about motivation and/or relevant experience. . Applications are received during priority course enrollment, and late applications considered if space remains. Specific application review and response dates will be available on the HMB Special Enrolment website. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and cGPA. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Prerequisite: BIO230H1/ BIO255H1, HMB265H1/ BIO260H1, BCH210H1, PSL300H1, PSL301H1, HMB200H1/ HMB201H1/ HMB202H1/ HMB203H1/ HMB204H1
Exclusion: HMB473H1
Recommended Preparation: A 300-level science lab course
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4), Society and its Institutions (3)

HMB491Y1 - Project in Biotechnology Industry

Hours: 12L/200P/12S

Students undertake an academic internship in the biotechnology sector, in addition to meeting regularly in class to discuss and share their experiences. The course is designed to provide students with an opportunity to apply academic learning in a professional context, build their network, and explore potential career paths. Students will be required to complete 200 hours with a placement partner over the duration of the course (normally 8 hours/week).

The course is open to fourth year students. Students work with course staff to secure their internship with our partner organizations.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. Application packages will be accepted in April every year, and specific due date, course/placement information, and the application form can be found in the website. The application will ask about goals, course expectations and relevant knowledge & experience. Applications will be assessed based on prerequisites, submitted answers to application prompts and relevant knowledge.

Course enrolment will be based on the number of internship opportunities available (which will vary from year-to-year), student qualifications (e.g. performance in relevant courses, qualifications related to the internship positions on offer, and interview performance). Final acceptance into the course is dependent on the official acceptance of a student as an intern with a partner organization.

Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: 14.0 credits and an application, EEB225H1/​ STA220H1/​ STA288H1/​ PSY201H1
Exclusion: JPM300H1, ASIP Program, students are not permitted to complete the Professional Experience in Biotechnology concurrently with another research project (eg. HMB496Y1 and others).
Recommended Preparation: HMB201H1/ HMB301H1/ HMB360H1
Breadth Requirements: Living Things and Their Environment (4)

HMB496Y1 - Research Project in Human Biology

A research project course for students enrolled in a Human Biology program, supervised by a faculty member appointed in a faculty or division at St. George Campus (Faculties of Arts & Science, Medicine, Engineering, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, etc.). Open to third and fourth year students.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. For your application to be submitted and considered, you must first secure a supervisor for your research project. Applications are due by May 1 for the summer term or September 1 for the fall/winter terms, though students are encouraged to start looking for a supervisor at least 6 months in advance. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Should a HMB Specialist require help securing a supervisor, the request must be made by email to the Human Biology Program Office no later than July 20 for Academic year projects and January 30 for Summer projects.

Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Human Biology Program; please refer to the Human Biology Program website for more details
Exclusion: Students are not permitted to do a HMB research project concurrently with another research project

HMB499Y1 - Research Project in Human Biology II

A research project course for students enrolled in a Human Biology program, supervised by a faculty member appointed in a faculty or division at St. George Campus (Faculties of Arts & Science, Medicine, Engineering, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, etc.). Open to third and fourth year students.

Enrolment is by application. Detailed application instructions are available on the HMB Special Enrolment website: https://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/special-enrolment. For your application to be submitted and considered, you must first secure a supervisor for your research project. Applications are due by May 1 for the summer term or September 1 for the fall/winter terms, though students are encouraged to start looking for a supervisor at least 6 months in advance. This course is open to all Human Biology students.

Should a HMB Specialist require help securing a supervisor, the request must be made by email to the Human Biology Program Office no later than July 20 for Academic year projects and January 30 for Summer projects.

Not eligible for CR/NCR option.

Prerequisite: HMB496Y1, and permission of the program
Exclusion: Students are not permitted to do a HMB research project concurrently with another research project.

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