Biomedical toxicology has emerged as an important science addressing drug safety and the adverse consequences of chemical exposure. The Biomedical Toxicology Specialist program examines the harmful effects of chemicals on the health and behaviour of individuals and society. The safety/toxicity of a wide array of chemicals is examined including pharmaceutical preparations, herbal products, natural toxins and environmental contaminants, with a focus on their effects on human health. This program emphasizes the application of toxicological knowledge and risk assessment and prepares students for a variety of job opportunities following its completion as well as for further study in graduate research or professional programs such as Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmacy. (Note: Students interested in professional programs should contact the respective faculties to inquire about specific transfer credits.) Many graduates of the Biomedical Toxicology Specialist program pursue careers in scientific research, forensic science, nutrition and food sciences, governmental agencies, consulting agencies, and industrial settings including the pharmaceutical and chemical industries. Students learn about basic and clinical toxicology and related areas through lectures, tutorials, laboratories, and independent research projects. The senior research project course enables students to gain valuable research experience while working under the supervision of an individual faculty member in either a laboratory-based or a non-laboratory-based setting.
Variable Minimum Grade or Variable Minimum Grade Average
A minimum grade/minimum grade average in required courses is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses or their equivalents must be completed:
- BIO120H1 and BIO130H1
- ( CHM135H1, CHM136H1)/ CHM151Y1
- 1.0 credit from ( MAT135H1 and MAT136H1)/ MAT137Y1/ MAT157Y1/ ( PHY131H1 and PHY132H1)/( PHY151H1 and PHY152H1)
- While it is difficult to predict what will be competitive course marks and average in a given year, based on previous years, the estimate is: course marks = mid 80s; average = mid 80s.
- Students wishing to enroll in the Biomedical Toxiology Specialist will initially apply to the Joint Specialist in Pharmacology and Biomedical Toxicology (ASSPE2340). After admission, students can then choose to transfer to the Biomedical Toxicology Specialist. First and second year courses are the same for all Specialist programs within the Department (ASSPE2082/ASSPE2340/ASSPE2573).
- Students cannot combine the Biomedical Toxicology Specialist with either departmental Major programs (Biomedical Toxicology or Pharmacology).
- Students wishing to enroll after their second year who have taken PCL201H1 will be considered on a case by case basis. Successful completion of required pre-requisite courses is required to further enroll in upper level program courses. Students may not transfer to the Major program from the Specialist after completion of PCL474Y1 or the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP).
Students in this program have the option to enrol in the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream.
Third or Fourth Year: LMP363H1 and 2.5 credits at least 1.5 credits from PCL courses: JPM300H1/ PCL345H1/ PCL367H1 or PCL368H1 (see NOTE 2)/ PCL386H1/ PCL389H1/ PCL475H1/ PCL476H1/ PCL475Y1/ PCL477H1/ PCL484H1/ PCL490H1/ JPM400Y1/ ANA301H1/ CHM310H1/ ESS463H1/ LMP301H1
An Integrative, Inquiry-Based Activity Requirement must be satisfied.
The requirement for an integrative, inquiry-based and/or experiential activity must be met by completing at least one of the following: PCL297H1, PCL389H1, PCL397Y0, PCL472Y1, PCL474Y1, JPM400Y1. Students who complete the Arts & Science Internship Program (ASIP) stream or PEY Co-op will also meet this requirement.
Note: September 2021 or January 2022 will be the last opportunity for Faculty of Arts & Science students to register for PEY Co-op. Students in Year 3 in the Fall/Winter 2021-2022 session will be the last group of Faculty of Arts & Science students eligible to participate in PEY Co-op. Students starting Year 2 in Fall 2021 or later will only be eligible to participate in the Arts & Science Internship Program stream.
- Any PHY/MAT courses should be completed during the first year and included for program enrolment.
- At least 0.5 credit from PCL367H1 or PCL368H1 is required for the program, however if desired the alternative course can be taken as a program elective.
- Enrolment in any of PCL474Y1 or JPM400Y1 is limited and requires permission from the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology. Students must receive prior consent from the course coordinator according to Departmental guidelines before the Department will register them in the course. Students can take either course as their required independent project, or may take JPM400Y1 as an additional elective. It is the student’s responsibility to make all necessary preparations before the session starts (see course description).