Physical and Environmental Geography Major (Science Program) - ASMAJ2030

Physical and Environmental Geography offers science-based programs for students interested in an integrative approach to understanding the earths biotic and abiotic systems, including their spatial dynamics and the ways they are altered by human action. The programs provide a foundation in the subfields of climatology, biogeography, hydrology, and geomorphology. Students gain practical experience in lab and field settings. Technical skills taught also include data analysis, geospatial analytical tools, including GIS and Remote Sensing.

Enrolment Requirements

This is a limited enrolment program. Students must have completed 4.0 credits and meet the requirements listed below to enrol.

Variable Minimum Grade
A minimum grade is needed for entry, and this minimum changes each year depending on available spaces and the number of applicants. The following courses must be completed:

  • 0.5 credit in GGR courses at the 100- or 200-level, with a minimum grade of 67%, or
  • 1.0 credit in GGR courses at the 100- or 200-level, with a minimum grade of 63%

To ensure that students admitted to the program will be successful, applicants with a final grade or grade average lower than the minimum grades stated above will not be considered for admission. Please note that obtaining this minimum final grade does not guarantee admission to the program. Jointly-offered GGR courses will also be considered (e.g. JEG, JGI, JGE).

Completion Requirements

Introductory Courses: Any 4 half courses or the equivalent (2.0 credits) from JEG100H1, MAT133Y1/​ MAT135H1/​ MAT136H1/​ MAT137Y1/​ MAT157Y1, MAT223H1/​ MAT240H1, MAT224H1/​ MAT247H1, PHY131H1/​ PHY151H1, PHY132H1/​ PHY152H1, CHM138H/ CHM136H1, CHM139H/ CHM135H1, CHM151Y1, BIO120H1, BIO130H1, at least two of which must be Math or Physics half courses.

Core Courses: Any 3 courses (1.5 credits) from GGR201H1, GGR203H1, GGR205H1, GGR206H1

Regional Geography Course: Any course (0.5 credit) from GGR101H1, GGR240H1, GGR246H1, GGR254H1, GGR341H1, GGR342H1, GGR343H1, GGR344H1

Methods Courses: All (1.5 credits) of GGR270H1, GGR272H1, GGR390H1

Applications: Any 4 courses (2.0 credits) from GGR273H1, GGR274H1, GGR301H1, GGR305H1, GGR308H1, GGR310H1/​ FOR310H1, GGR314H1, GGR337H1, GGR373H1, GGR347H1, GGR348H1, GGR416H1. Up to 1.0 credit can be used from GGR493Y1, based on suitability of placement for this program, and approved by department. Any GGR course from the list for Core Courses and Fourth Year Courses not already used. Any course (0.5 credit) from Group I. No more than one from GGR273H1, GGR373H1.

Fourth Year Course: Any course (0.5 credit) from GGR401H1, GGR405H1, GGR406H1, GGR413H1, GGR414H1, GGR491Y1, GGR498H1

Total credits: 8.0


Group I

EEB319H1, EEB321H1, EEB324H1, EEB328H1, EEB428H1, ENV346H1, ESS262H1, ESS311H1, ESS361H1, ESS461H1, ESS463H1, ESS464H1, FOR301H1, FOR305H1, FOR306H1, FOR417H1, JEE337H1, PHY392H1, PHY408H1