In this course, we will learn about the complicated relations between science and state in the modern world. The state is often the main patronage to scientists. Science and technology have played crucial parts in political, economic, social, and cultural development. For poor countries, science has been a solution to catch up with rich countries. Yet the risk of science and technologies often unequally falls on the developing world. Drawing from anthropological, social, and historical studies of science, we will examine, among other topics, science and nation-building from ethnicity, population control, internet, big data, technocracy, scientists’ self-fashioning and global capitalism.